Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma
AbstractPonicidin has a variety of biological effects such as immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory functions as well as anti-viral functions especially in the upper respiratory tract infection. This study was aimed to elucidate the antitumor effect of ponicidin in gastric carcinoma MKN28 cells and the possible molecular mechanism involved. Cell viability was measured by the Cell Count Kit-8 (CCK8). Cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry as well as cell cycle and reactive oxygen species (ROS) analysis. Western blot analysis was used to detect the active form of caspase-3 as well as Bax and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expressions after cells were treated with different concentrations of ponicidin. The results revealed that ponicidin could inhibit the growth of MKN28 cells significantly in both a time- and dose-dependent manner. The cell cycle was blocked and ROS generation was increased after the cells were treated with ponicidin. Bcl-2 expression was down-regulated remarkably while Bax expression and the active form of caspase-3 were increased after apoptosis occurred. We therefore conclude that ponicidin exhibited significant growth inhibition of gastric carcinoma cell line MKN28 and induced apoptosis of MKN28 cells via the signaling pathway regulated by Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3). Ponicidin may serve as a potential therapeutic agent for gastric carcinoma. View Full-Text
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Liu, Y.-F.; Lu, Y.-M.; Qu, G.-Q.; Liu, Y.; Chen, W.-X.; Liao, X.-H.; Kong, W.-M. Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 1576-1589.
Liu Y-F, Lu Y-M, Qu G-Q, Liu Y, Chen W-X, Liao X-H, Kong W-M. Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2015; 16(1):1576-1589.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Yuan-Fei; Lu, Yun-Min; Qu, Guo-Qiang; Liu, Yuan; Chen, Wei-Xiong; Liao, Xiao-Hong; Kong, Wu-Ming. 2015. "Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 16, no. 1: 1576-1589.