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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(1), 1576-1589;

Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma

Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai 200233, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Terrence Piva
Received: 23 September 2014 / Accepted: 18 December 2014 / Published: 12 January 2015
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry)
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Ponicidin has a variety of biological effects such as immunoregulatory and anti-inflammatory functions as well as anti-viral functions especially in the upper respiratory tract infection. This study was aimed to elucidate the antitumor effect of ponicidin in gastric carcinoma MKN28 cells and the possible molecular mechanism involved. Cell viability was measured by the Cell Count Kit-8 (CCK8). Cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry as well as cell cycle and reactive oxygen species (ROS) analysis. Western blot analysis was used to detect the active form of caspase-3 as well as Bax and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expressions after cells were treated with different concentrations of ponicidin. The results revealed that ponicidin could inhibit the growth of MKN28 cells significantly in both a time- and dose-dependent manner. The cell cycle was blocked and ROS generation was increased after the cells were treated with ponicidin. Bcl-2 expression was down-regulated remarkably while Bax expression and the active form of caspase-3 were increased after apoptosis occurred. We therefore conclude that ponicidin exhibited significant growth inhibition of gastric carcinoma cell line MKN28 and induced apoptosis of MKN28 cells via the signaling pathway regulated by Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3). Ponicidin may serve as a potential therapeutic agent for gastric carcinoma. View Full-Text
Keywords: ponicidin; gastric carcinoma; MKN28 cells; apoptosis; JAK2; STAT3 ponicidin; gastric carcinoma; MKN28 cells; apoptosis; JAK2; STAT3

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Liu, Y.-F.; Lu, Y.-M.; Qu, G.-Q.; Liu, Y.; Chen, W.-X.; Liao, X.-H.; Kong, W.-M. Ponicidin Induces Apoptosis via JAK2 and STAT3 Signaling Pathways in Gastric Carcinoma. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 1576-1589.

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