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(1S,2S)-N-Benzyl-N-[(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-(1-methylimidazol-2-yl)methyl] Hydroxylamine
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(1R,2S)-N-Benzyl-N-[(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-dioxolan-4-yl)-(1-methylimidazol-2-yl)methyl] Hydroxylamine

Department of Organic Chemistry. Faculty of Sciences-ICMA. University of Zaragoza. E-50009 Zaragoza. Spain
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Molecules 1998, 3(5), M84; https://doi.org/10.3390/M84
Received: 15 May 1998 / Published: 19 May 1998
(This article belongs to the Section Molbank Section of Molecules, 1997-2001)
Scheme.
Scheme.
Molecules 03 m84 sch001
The X-ray structural analysis of hydroxylamine 3 has been described [1].
A cooled solution (-90°C) of 1-methylimidazole (0.25 g, 3 mmol) in THF (10 mL) was treated with butyllithium (2 mL of a 1.6 M solution in hexane, 3.2 mmol) under an inert atmopshere. The resulting solution was stirred at -20 °C for 20 min during which time the reaction mixture was cooled to -90 °C and treated with a solution of nitrone 1 (0.235 g, 1 mmol) in THF (10 mL) added drop by drop. The rate of addition was adjusted so as to keep the internal temperature below -80°C. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at -80 °C and then quenched with saturated aqueous ammonium chloride (10 mL). The mixture was stirred at ambient temperature for 10 min and diluted with ethyl acetate (15 mL). The organic layer was separated, and the aqueous layer was extracted with ethyl acetate (3 x 10 ml). The combined organic extracts were washed with brine and dried over magnesium sulfate, and the solvent was evaporated under reduced pressure to give the crude mixture of diastereomeric hydroxylamines. The NMR analysis of this mixture revealed a diastereoselectivity of 88%. Purification by column chromatography (hexane/diethyl ether 80:20) on silica gel afforded 3 as a white solid (0.257 g, 81%).
Mp 103-105°C
TLC (hexane/diethyl ether 80:20) Rf 0.30
[α]D20 = + 17.2 (c 1.50, CHCl3)
1H NMR (CDCl3) δ 1.31 (s, 3H), 1.32 (s, 3H), 3.42 (s, 3H), 3.57 (d, 1H, J = 12.3 Hz), 3.90 (dd, 1H, J = 7.8, 9.0 Hz), 4.18 (dd, 1H, J = 6.3, 9.0 Hz), 4.21 (d, 1H, J = 12.3 Hz), 4.24 (d, 1H, J = 5.0 Hz), 4.69 (ddd, 1H, J = 5.0, 6.3, 7.8 Hz), 6.84 (d, 1H, J = 1.7 Hz), 7.02 (d, 1H, J = 1.7 Hz), 7.15 (bs, 1H, ex. D2O), 7.24-7.33 (m, 5H).
13C NMR (CDCl3) δ 24.6, 26.3, 32.7, 61.4, 62.2, 68.2, 76.9, 109.0, 120.8, 126.7, 127.5, 128.4, 128.8, 136.5, 145.8.
Anal. Calcd. for C17H23N3O3: C, 64.33; H, 7.30; N, 13.24. Found: C, 64.65; H, 7.12; N, 13.49.

Supplementary materials

Supplementary File 1Supplementary File 2Supplementary File 3

References and Notes

  1. Merino, P.; Merchan, F.L.; Tejero, T. Acta Cryst. Sect. C 1995, 51, 2400–2401.
  • Sample Availability: Available from the authors and MDPI.
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