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Review

Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection

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Induced Resistance and Plant Bioprotection, USC RIBP 1488, University of Reims, UFR Sciences, CEDEX 02, 51687 Reims, France
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Bi-PA nv, Londerzee l1840, Belgium
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Department of Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach, 38010 San Michele all’Adige, Italy
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Center Agriculture Food Environment (C3A), University of Trento, 38098 San Michele all’Adige, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: George Fleet
Molecules 2021, 26(6), 1720; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26061720
Received: 17 February 2021 / Revised: 15 March 2021 / Accepted: 16 March 2021 / Published: 19 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Rare sugars are monosaccharides with a limited availability in the nature and almost unknown biological functions. The use of industrial enzymatic and microbial processes greatly reduced their production costs, making research on these molecules more accessible. Since then, the number of studies on their medical/clinical applications grew and rare sugars emerged as potential candidates to replace conventional sugars in human nutrition thanks to their beneficial health effects. More recently, the potential use of rare sugars in agriculture was also highlighted. However, overviews and critical evaluations on this topic are missing. This review aims to provide the current knowledge about the effects of rare sugars on the organisms of the farming ecosystem, with an emphasis on their mode of action and practical use as an innovative tool for sustainable agriculture. Some rare sugars can impact the plant growth and immune responses by affecting metabolic homeostasis and the hormonal signaling pathways. These properties could be used for the development of new herbicides, plant growth regulators and resistance inducers. Other rare sugars also showed antinutritional properties on some phytopathogens and biocidal activity against some plant pests, highlighting their promising potential for the development of new sustainable pesticides. Their low risk for human health also makes them safe and ecofriendly alternatives to agrochemicals. View Full-Text
Keywords: rare sugars; crop protection; resistance inducers; plant immunity; biobased pesticides; sustainable agriculture rare sugars; crop protection; resistance inducers; plant immunity; biobased pesticides; sustainable agriculture
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mijailovic, N.; Nesler, A.; Perazzolli, M.; Aït Barka, E.; Aziz, A. Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection. Molecules 2021, 26, 1720. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26061720

AMA Style

Mijailovic N, Nesler A, Perazzolli M, Aït Barka E, Aziz A. Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection. Molecules. 2021; 26(6):1720. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26061720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mijailovic, Nikola, Andrea Nesler, Michele Perazzolli, Essaid Aït Barka, and Aziz Aziz. 2021. "Rare Sugars: Recent Advances and Their Potential Role in Sustainable Crop Protection" Molecules 26, no. 6: 1720. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26061720

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