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Article

Performance of Waterborne Polyurethanes in Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation and Corrosion: Influence of Hydrophobic Fragments

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Department of Petroleum Engineering, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str. 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Physical Chemistry, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str. 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Electrochemical Engineering, Kazan National Research Technological University, Karl Marx Str. 68, 420015 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Organic Chemistry, Kazan Federal University, Kremlevskaya Str. 18, 420008 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Gubkin University, 65, Leninsky Prospekt, Building 1, 119991 Moscow, Russia
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Nikolaev Institute of Inorganic Chemistry SB RAS, Ac. Lavrentiev Ave. 3, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia
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Federal Center for Toxicological, Radiation and Biological Safety, Nauchnyi Gorodok 2, 420075 Kazan, Russia
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Department of Chemistry, Bioscience and Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, University of Stavanger, N-4036 Stavanger, Norway
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2020, 25(23), 5664; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235664
Received: 25 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 November 2020 / Published: 1 December 2020
The design of new dual-function inhibitors simultaneously preventing hydrate formation and corrosion is a relevant issue for the oil and gas industry. The structure-property relationship for a promising class of hybrid inhibitors based on waterborne polyurethanes (WPU) was studied in this work. Variation of diethanolamines differing in the size and branching of N-substituents (methyl, n-butyl, and tert-butyl), as well as the amount of these groups, allowed the structure of polymer molecules to be preset during their synthesis. To assess the hydrate and corrosion inhibition efficiency of developed reagents pressurized rocking cells, electrochemistry and weight-loss techniques were used. A distinct effect of these variables altering the hydrophobicity of obtained compounds on their target properties was revealed. Polymers with increased content of diethanolamine fragments with n- or tert-butyl as N-substituent (WPU-6 and WPU-7, respectively) worked as dual-function inhibitors, showing nearly the same efficiency as commercial ones at low concentration (0.25 wt%), with the branched one (tert-butyl; WPU-7) turning out to be more effective as a corrosion inhibitor. Commercial kinetic hydrate inhibitor Luvicap 55 W and corrosion inhibitor Armohib CI-28 were taken as reference samples. Preliminary study reveals that WPU-6 and WPU-7 polyurethanes as well as Luvicap 55 W are all poorly biodegradable compounds; BODt/CODcr (ratio of Biochemical oxygen demand and Chemical oxygen demand) value is 0.234 and 0.294 for WPU-6 and WPU-7, respectively, compared to 0.251 for commercial kinetic hydrate inhibitor Luvicap 55 W. Since the obtained polyurethanes have a bifunctional effect and operate at low enough concentrations, their employment is expected to reduce both operating costs and environmental impact. View Full-Text
Keywords: methane-propane hydrate; kinetic hydrate inhibitor; corrosion inhibitor; flow assurance; dual function inhibitor; waterborne polyurethane methane-propane hydrate; kinetic hydrate inhibitor; corrosion inhibitor; flow assurance; dual function inhibitor; waterborne polyurethane
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pavelyev, R.S.; Zaripova, Y.F.; Yarkovoi, V.V.; Vinogradova, S.S.; Razhabov, S.; Khayarov, K.R.; Nazarychev, S.A.; Stoporev, A.S.; Mendgaziev, R.I.; Semenov, A.P.; Valiullin, L.R.; Varfolomeev, M.A.; Kelland, M.A. Performance of Waterborne Polyurethanes in Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation and Corrosion: Influence of Hydrophobic Fragments. Molecules 2020, 25, 5664. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235664

AMA Style

Pavelyev RS, Zaripova YF, Yarkovoi VV, Vinogradova SS, Razhabov S, Khayarov KR, Nazarychev SA, Stoporev AS, Mendgaziev RI, Semenov AP, Valiullin LR, Varfolomeev MA, Kelland MA. Performance of Waterborne Polyurethanes in Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation and Corrosion: Influence of Hydrophobic Fragments. Molecules. 2020; 25(23):5664. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235664

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pavelyev, Roman S., Yulia F. Zaripova, Vladimir V. Yarkovoi, Svetlana S. Vinogradova, Sherzod Razhabov, Khasan R. Khayarov, Sergei A. Nazarychev, Andrey S. Stoporev, Rais I. Mendgaziev, Anton P. Semenov, Lenar R. Valiullin, Mikhail A. Varfolomeev, and Malcolm A. Kelland. 2020. "Performance of Waterborne Polyurethanes in Inhibition of Gas Hydrate Formation and Corrosion: Influence of Hydrophobic Fragments" Molecules 25, no. 23: 5664. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25235664

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