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Review

Covalent Organic Framework Composites: Synthesis and Analytical Applications

1
International Iberian Nanotechnology Laboratory (INL), Av. Mestre José Veiga, 4715-330 Braga, Portugal
2
Department of Food and Analytical Chemistry, Marine Research Center (CIM), University of Vigo, As Lagoas, Marcosende, 36310 Vigo, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Magnus Willander and Peng Si
Molecules 2020, 25(22), 5404; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225404
Received: 13 October 2020 / Revised: 6 November 2020 / Accepted: 12 November 2020 / Published: 18 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue 25th Anniversary of Molecules—Recent Advances in Nanochemistry)
In the recent years, composite materials containing covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have raised increasing interest for analytical applications. To date, various synthesis techniques have emerged that allow for the preparation of crystalline and porous COF composites with various materials. Herein, we summarize the most common methods used to gain access to crystalline COF composites with magnetic nanoparticles, other oxide materials, graphene and graphene oxide, and metal nanoparticles. Additionally, some examples of stainless steel, polymer, and metal-organic framework composites are presented. Thereafter, we discuss the use of these composites for chromatographic separation, environmental remediation, and sensing. View Full-Text
Keywords: covalent organic frameworks; composite; analytical applications; separation; sensing covalent organic frameworks; composite; analytical applications; separation; sensing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jarju, J.J.; Lavender, A.M.; Espiña, B.; Romero, V.; Salonen, L.M. Covalent Organic Framework Composites: Synthesis and Analytical Applications. Molecules 2020, 25, 5404. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225404

AMA Style

Jarju JJ, Lavender AM, Espiña B, Romero V, Salonen LM. Covalent Organic Framework Composites: Synthesis and Analytical Applications. Molecules. 2020; 25(22):5404. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225404

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jarju, Jenni J., Ana M. Lavender, Begoña Espiña, Vanesa Romero, and Laura M. Salonen. 2020. "Covalent Organic Framework Composites: Synthesis and Analytical Applications" Molecules 25, no. 22: 5404. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25225404

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