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Molecules 2018, 23(6), 1496; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23061496

Constituents of Essential Oil and Lipid Fraction from the Aerial Part of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd. (Apiaceae) from Different Habitats

1
Baikal Institute of Nature Management, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude 670047, Russia
2
Key Laboratory of Adaption and Evolution of Plateau Biota, Northwest Institute of Plateau Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xining 810001, China
3
Qinghai Provincial Key Laboratory of Crop Molecular Breeding, Xining 810008, China
4
Institute of General and Experimental Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Ulan-Ude, 670047, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 May 2018 / Revised: 12 June 2018 / Accepted: 16 June 2018 / Published: 20 June 2018
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Abstract

The essential oils and lipid fraction extracted from the aerial parts of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium were determined by a GC-MS method. In total, up to 67 components were identified. cis-β-Ocimene, trans-β-ocimene, limonene, α-pinene, α-copaene, β-elemene, and caryophyllene oxide were recognized as consistent components of the essential oil extracted from the aerial parts of B. scorzonerifolium, regardless of the habitat. The content of these components varied from traces to a significant amount. The volume of the lipid fraction varied from 2.73 to 9.38%. In total, 23 components were identified, including 20 fatty acids, two sterols, and one ketone. The major fatty acid components identified were 16:0, 18:2n9, and 18:1n9. The total content of these fatty acids reached up to 76.19%. The lipid fraction of the aerial parts of B. scorzonerifolium predominantly contained MUFA and PUFA, which confirmed the pharmacological value of the species. The main factors affecting the composition of essential oils and lipid fractions of B. scorzonerifolium are environmental ones that determine the moisture supply to the plants in semiarid and arid areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: Bupleurum scorzonerifolium; GC-MS; PCA; environmental Bupleurum scorzonerifolium; GC-MS; PCA; environmental
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Tykheev, Z.A.; Zhigzhitzhapova, S.V.; Zhang, F.; Taraskin, V.V.; Anenkhonov, O.A.; Radnaeva, L.D.; Chen, S. Constituents of Essential Oil and Lipid Fraction from the Aerial Part of Bupleurum scorzonerifolium Willd. (Apiaceae) from Different Habitats. Molecules 2018, 23, 1496.

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