Flavin-Dependent Thymidylate Synthase as a New Antibiotic Target
AbstractIn humans de novo synthesis of 2′-deoxythymidine-5′-monophosphate (dTMP), an essential building block of DNA, utilizes an enzymatic pathway requiring thymidylate synthase (TSase) and dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR). The enzyme flavin-dependent thymidylate synthase (FDTS) represents an alternative enzymatic pathway to synthesize dTMP, which is not present in human cells. A number of pathogenic bacteria, however, depend on this enzyme in lieu of or in conjunction with the analogous human pathway. Thus, inhibitors of this enzyme may serve as antibiotics. Here, we review the similarities and differences of FDTS vs. TSase including aspects of their structure and chemical mechanism. In addition, we review current progress in the search for inhibitors of flavin dependent thymidylate synthase as potential novel therapeutics. View Full-Text
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Choi, M.; Karunaratne, K.; Kohen, A. Flavin-Dependent Thymidylate Synthase as a New Antibiotic Target. Molecules 2016, 21, 654.
Choi M, Karunaratne K, Kohen A. Flavin-Dependent Thymidylate Synthase as a New Antibiotic Target. Molecules. 2016; 21(5):654.Chicago/Turabian Style
Choi, Michael; Karunaratne, Kalani; Kohen, Amnon. 2016. "Flavin-Dependent Thymidylate Synthase as a New Antibiotic Target." Molecules 21, no. 5: 654.
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