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Molecules 2014, 19(4), 4452-4465;

Multielemental Composition of Suet Oil Based on Quantification by Ultrawave/ICP-MS Coupled with Chemometric Analysis

Affiliated Hospital on Integration of Chinese and Western Medicine, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Xianlin Avenue 138#, Xianlin University City, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, China
Key Laboratory of New Drug Delivery System of Chinese Meteria Medica, Jiangsu Provincial Academy of Chinese Medicine, 100# Shizi Road, Nanjing 210028, Jiangsu, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 11 March 2014 / Revised: 31 March 2014 / Accepted: 1 April 2014 / Published: 10 April 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
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Suet oil (SO) has been used commonly for food and medicine preparation. The determination of its elemental composition has became an important challenge for human safety and health owing to its possible contents of heavy metals or other elements. In this study, ultrawave single reaction chamber microwave digestion (Ultrawave) and inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) analysis was performed to determine 14 elements (Pb, As, Hg, Cd, Fe, Cu, Mn, Ti, Ni, V, Sr, Na, Ka and Ca) in SO samples. Furthermore, the multielemental content of 18 SO samples, which represented three different sources in China: Qinghai, Anhui and Jiangsu, were evaluated and compared. The optimal ultrawave digestion conditions, namely, the optimal time (35 min), temperature (210 °C) and pressure (90 bar), were screened by Box-Behnken design (BBD). Eighteen samples were successfully classified into three groups by principal component analysis (PCA) according to the contents of 14 elements. The results showed that all SO samples were rich in elements, but with significant differences corresponding to different origins. The outliers and majority of SO could be discriminated by PCA according to the multielemental content profile. The results highlighted that the element distribution was associated with the origins of SO samples. The proposed ultrawave digestion system was quite efficient and convenient, which could be mainly attributed to its high pressure and special high-throughput for the sample digestion procedure. Our established method could be useful for the quality control and standardization of elements in SO samples and products. View Full-Text
Keywords: suet oil (SO); multielements; ultrawave digestion; ICP-MS; chemometrics analysis suet oil (SO); multielements; ultrawave digestion; ICP-MS; chemometrics analysis

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Jiang, J.; Feng, L.; Li, J.; Sun, E.; Ding, S.-M.; Jia, X.-B. Multielemental Composition of Suet Oil Based on Quantification by Ultrawave/ICP-MS Coupled with Chemometric Analysis. Molecules 2014, 19, 4452-4465.

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