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A Novel HPLC-Assisted Method for Investigation of the Fe2+-Chelating Activity of Flavonoids and Plant Extracts

1
Institute of General and Experimental Biology, Siberian Division, Russian Academy of Science, Sakh'yanovoy Str., 6, Ulan-Ude 670047, Russia
2
Department of Biochemistry and Biotechnology, North-Eastern Federal University, 58 Belinsky Str., Yakutsk 677-027, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2014, 19(11), 18296-18316; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules191118296
Received: 15 October 2014 / Revised: 5 November 2014 / Accepted: 6 November 2014 / Published: 10 November 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products Chemistry)
Flavonoids are a class of natural phenolic compounds that show antioxidant properties. Besides the known mechanisms of action of flavonoids (binding/inactivation of free radicals and other reactive oxygen species) that determine this effect, an important factor is their ability to bind transition metal ions. In this paper, we used a HPLC method with a prechromatographic reaction of a sample with Fe2+ ions (FeCA-HPLC) to characterize the Fe2+-chelating properties of individual compounds, their mixtures, and plant extracts. Using two classes of flavonoids (flavones, flavonols) the ability of compounds to bind Fe2+ ions due to a number of structural features of the compounds was shown. If the compounds possessed Fe2+-chelating properties, the decrease in the area of the chromatographic peaks on the chromatogram was marked. By comparing the resulting chromatogram with that of the untreated sample, it was possible to estimate the value of the effect. Application of this method for the analysis of plant extracts representing a mixture of substances allows determination of the compounds that have the greatest influence on the Fe2+-chelating activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fe2+-chelating activity; HPLC; flavonoids; antioxidant activity; Scutellaria baicalensis Fe2+-chelating activity; HPLC; flavonoids; antioxidant activity; Scutellaria baicalensis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olennikov, D.N.; Kashchenko, N.I.; Chirikova, N.K. A Novel HPLC-Assisted Method for Investigation of the Fe2+-Chelating Activity of Flavonoids and Plant Extracts. Molecules 2014, 19, 18296-18316.

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