Exergy Analysis of Directional Solvent Extraction Desalination Process
AbstractThis paper presents an exergy analysis to evaluate the performance of a continuous directional solvent extraction (DSE) desalination process using octanoic acid. The flow of exergy was calculated for each thermodynamic state and balanced for different components of the system to quantify the inefficiencies in the process. A parametric study was performed to evaluate the impact of three critical design variables on exergy consumption. The parametric study reveals that the total exergy input decreases significantly with an increase in heat exchanger effectiveness. The results also indicate that the heat exchangers account for the highest exergy destruction. The total exergy consumption, however, has a slightly declining trend as the recovery-ratio increases. There is a small variation in the total exergy consumption, within the uncertainty of the calculation, as the highest process temperature increases. When compared to conventional desalination processes, the exergy consumption of the DSE, with heat recovery of 90%, is comparable to those of multi-stage flashing (MSF), but much higher than reverse osmosis (RO). Octanoic acid, which has low product water yield, is identified as the primary factor negatively impacting the exergy consumptions. To exploit the low-grade and low-temperature heat source feature of the DSE process, directional solvents with higher yield should be identified or designed to enable its full implementation. View Full-Text
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Alotaibi, S.; Ibrahim, O.M.; Wang, Y.; Luo, T. Exergy Analysis of Directional Solvent Extraction Desalination Process. Entropy 2019, 21, 321.
Alotaibi S, Ibrahim OM, Wang Y, Luo T. Exergy Analysis of Directional Solvent Extraction Desalination Process. Entropy. 2019; 21(3):321.Chicago/Turabian Style
Alotaibi, Sorour; Ibrahim, Osama M.; Wang, Yu; Luo, Tengfei. 2019. "Exergy Analysis of Directional Solvent Extraction Desalination Process." Entropy 21, no. 3: 321.
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