Design of Nano-Structured Micro-Thermoelectric Generator: Load Resistance and Inflections in the Efficiency
Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, Ciudad de Mexico 11340, Mexico
Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Seccion de Estudios de Posgrado e Investigacion, Escuela Superior de Ingenieria Mecanica y Electrica Unidad Culhuacan, Coyoacan, Ciudad de Mexico 04430, Mexico
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Received: 26 January 2019 / Revised: 21 February 2019 / Accepted: 23 February 2019 / Published: 27 February 2019
In recent years the interest for the harvest of energy with micro thermoelectric generators (
TEG) has increased, due to its advantages compared to technologies that use fossil fuels. There are three ways to improve the performance of the device, by modifying its structure, type of material and operation control. In this study, the role of the load resistance
on the performance of a
TEG with nanostructured materials is investigated. The interaction of the load resistance with the thermoelements exhibits interesting features, arising from the coupling of the temperature-dependent electrical and thermal transport properties at different temperature ranges and the architecture of nanostructured thermoelectric materials. This coupling results in inflections on the efficiency, i.e., maximum and minimum values of the efficiency at higher temperatures, 600–900 K. We show the explicit dependence of the performance of the
TEG in terms of the load resistance and discuss the underlying physics. The unusual features of the efficiency of nanostructured thermoelectric materials are a result of the behavior of the power factor and the nonequilibrium properties of the system. We also analyze the effect of the geometric shape of the thermoelements on the device. We determine the performance of the
TEG, evaluating the generation power and its efficiency. The results show that the efficiency of the device can decrease or increase depending on the value of
, while the power decreases with an increase of the load resistance.
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Badillo-Ruiz, C.A.; Olivares-Robles, M.A.; Chanona-Perez, J.J. Design of Nano-Structured Micro-Thermoelectric Generator: Load Resistance and Inflections in the Efficiency. Entropy 2019, 21, 224.
Badillo-Ruiz CA, Olivares-Robles MA, Chanona-Perez JJ. Design of Nano-Structured Micro-Thermoelectric Generator: Load Resistance and Inflections in the Efficiency. Entropy. 2019; 21(3):224.
Badillo-Ruiz, Carlos A.; Olivares-Robles, Miguel A.; Chanona-Perez, Jose J. 2019. "Design of Nano-Structured Micro-Thermoelectric Generator: Load Resistance and Inflections in the Efficiency." Entropy 21, no. 3: 224.
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