As crucial equipment during industrial manufacture, the health status of rotating machinery affects the production efficiency and device safety. Hence, it is of great significance to diagnose rotating machinery faults, which can contribute to guarantee the running stability and plan for maintenance, thus promoting production efficiency and economic benefits. For this purpose, a hybrid fault diagnosis model with entropy-based feature extraction and SVM optimized by a chaos quantum sine cosine algorithm (CQSCA) is developed in this research. Firstly, the state-of-the-art variational mode decomposition (VMD) is utilized to decompose the vibration signals into sets of components, during which process the preset parameter K
is confirmed with the central frequency observation method. Subsequently, the permutation entropy values of all components are computed to constitute the feature vectors corresponding to different kind of signals. Later, the newly developed sine cosine algorithm (SCA) is employed and improved with chaotic initialization by a Duffing system and quantum technique to optimize the support vector machine (SVM) model, with which the fault pattern is recognized. Additionally, the availability of the optimized SVM with CQSCA was revealed in pattern recognition experiments. Finally, the proposed hybrid fault diagnosis approach was employed for engineering applications as well as contrastive analysis. The comparative results show that the proposed method achieved the best training accuracy 99.5% and best testing accuracy 97.89%. Furthermore, it can be concluded from the boxplots of different diagnosis methods that the stability and precision of the proposed method is superior to those of others.
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