Exact Partial Information Decompositions for Gaussian Systems Based on Dependency Constraints
Department of Statistics, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Institute of Neuroscience and Psychology, University of Glasgow, Glasgow G12 8QQ, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 26 March 2018 / Accepted: 27 March 2018 / Published: 30 March 2018
The Partial Information Decomposition, introduced by Williams P. L. et al. (2010), provides a theoretical framework to characterize and quantify the structure of multivariate information sharing. A new method (
) has recently been proposed by James R. G. et al. (2017) for computing a two-predictor partial information decomposition over discrete spaces. A lattice of maximum entropy probability models is constructed based on marginal dependency constraints, and the unique information that a particular predictor has about the target is defined as the minimum increase in joint predictor-target mutual information when that particular predictor-target marginal dependency is constrained. Here, we apply the
approach to Gaussian systems, for which the marginally constrained maximum entropy models are Gaussian graphical models. Closed form solutions for the
PID are derived for both univariate and multivariate Gaussian systems. Numerical and graphical illustrations are provided, together with practical and theoretical comparisons of the
PID with the minimum mutual information partial information decomposition (
), which was discussed by Barrett A. B. (2015). The results obtained using
appear to be more intuitive than those given with other methods, such as
, in which the redundant and unique information components are constrained to depend only on the predictor-target marginal distributions. In particular, it is proved that the
method generally produces larger estimates of redundancy and synergy than does the
method. In discussion of the practical examples, the PIDs are complemented by the use of tests of deviance for the comparison of Gaussian graphical models.
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Kay, J.W.; Ince, R.A.A. Exact Partial Information Decompositions for Gaussian Systems Based on Dependency Constraints. Entropy 2018, 20, 240.
Kay JW, Ince RAA. Exact Partial Information Decompositions for Gaussian Systems Based on Dependency Constraints. Entropy. 2018; 20(4):240.
Kay, Jim W.; Ince, Robin A.A. 2018. "Exact Partial Information Decompositions for Gaussian Systems Based on Dependency Constraints." Entropy 20, no. 4: 240.
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