Fruit-80: A Secure Ultra-Lightweight Stream Cipher for Constrained Environments
AbstractIn Fast Software Encryption (FSE) 2015, while presenting a new idea (i.e., the design of stream ciphers with the small internal state by using a secret key, not only in the initialization but also in the keystream generation), Sprout was proposed. Sprout was insecure and an improved version of Sprout was presented in FSE 2017. We introduced Fruit stream cipher informally in 2016 on the web page of IACR (eprint) and few cryptanalysis were published on it. Fortunately, the main structure of Fruit was resistant. Now, Fruit-80 is presented as a final version which is easier to implement and is secure. The size of LFSR and NFSR in Fruit-80 is only 80 bits (for 80-bit security level), while for resistance to the classical time-memory-data tradeoff (TMDTO) attacks, the internal state size should be at least twice that of the security level. To satisfy this rule and to design a concrete cipher, we used some new design ideas. It seems that the bottleneck of designing an ultra-lightweight stream cipher is TMDTO distinguishing attacks. A countermeasure was suggested, and another countermeasure is proposed here. Fruit-80 is better than other small-state stream ciphers in terms of the initialization speed and area size in hardware. It is possible to redesign many of the stream ciphers and achieve significantly smaller area size by using the new idea. View Full-Text
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Amin Ghafari, V.; Hu, H. Fruit-80: A Secure Ultra-Lightweight Stream Cipher for Constrained Environments. Entropy 2018, 20, 180.
Amin Ghafari V, Hu H. Fruit-80: A Secure Ultra-Lightweight Stream Cipher for Constrained Environments. Entropy. 2018; 20(3):180.Chicago/Turabian Style
Amin Ghafari, Vahid; Hu, Honggang. 2018. "Fruit-80: A Secure Ultra-Lightweight Stream Cipher for Constrained Environments." Entropy 20, no. 3: 180.
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