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Entropy 2018, 20(10), 779; https://doi.org/10.3390/e20100779

From Physics to Bioengineering: Microbial Cultivation Process Design and Feeding Rate Control Based on Relative Entropy Using Nuisance Time

Department of Automation, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas LT-51367, Lithuania
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Received: 15 August 2018 / Revised: 8 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 11 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Entropy: From Physics to Information Sciences and Geometry)
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Abstract

For historic reasons, industrial knowledge of reproducibility and restrictions imposed by regulations, open-loop feeding control approaches dominate in industrial fed-batch cultivation processes. In this study, a generic gray box biomass modeling procedure uses relative entropy as a key to approach the posterior similarly to how prior distribution approaches the posterior distribution by the multivariate path of Lagrange multipliers, for which a description of a nuisance time is introduced. The ultimate purpose of this study was to develop a numerical semi-global convex optimization procedure that is dedicated to the calculation of feeding rate time profiles during the fed-batch cultivation processes. The proposed numerical semi-global convex optimization of relative entropy is neither restricted to the gray box model nor to the bioengineering application. From the bioengineering application perspective, the proposed bioprocess design technique has benefits for both the regular feed-forward control and the advanced adaptive control systems, in which the model for biomass growth prediction is compulsory. After identification of the gray box model parameters, the options and alternatives in controllable industrial biotechnological processes are described. The main aim of this work is to achieve high reproducibility, controllability, and desired process performance. Glucose concentration measurements, which were used for the development of the model, become unnecessary for the development of the desired microbial cultivation process. View Full-Text
Keywords: gray box; relative entropy; microbial cultivation; numerical convex optimization; parsimony; nuisance time gray box; relative entropy; microbial cultivation; numerical convex optimization; parsimony; nuisance time
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Urniezius, R.; Galvanauskas, V.; Survyla, A.; Simutis, R.; Levisauskas, D. From Physics to Bioengineering: Microbial Cultivation Process Design and Feeding Rate Control Based on Relative Entropy Using Nuisance Time. Entropy 2018, 20, 779.

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