Combining the Circular Economy, Doughnut Economy, and Permaculture to Create a Holistic Economic Model for Future Generations †
1. Economics Today
“the science which studies human behavior as a relationship between ends and scarce means which have alternative uses.”
“a study of mankind in the ordinary business of life; it examines that part of individual and social action which is most closely connected with the attainment and with the use of the material requisites of well being.” (pp. 1–2)
“social science that studies the choices that individuals, businesses, governments, and entire societies make as they cope with scarcity.” (p. 5)
2. The Circular Economy
3. The Doughnut Economy
“Last century’s adopted policy goal of never-ending Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth has been leading us far off course, resulting in economies that are degenerative, running down the living world on which human wellbeing fundamentally depends, and that are also divisive, enriching the 1 per cent at the expense of the rest.”
and is responsible for a global transformation of cities, governments, and countries .“How can our city be a home to thriving people, in a thriving place, whilst respecting the wellbeing of all people, and the health of the whole planet?”
“Permaculture is a growing but little researched phenomenon emphasising care for the environment, equity, fair treatment of people and working with—and not against—nature. It thus represents a potential alternative to business as usual, capable of addressing fundamental challenges posed by human-made climate change.”
“‘a framework’, ‘a set of ethics’, a ‘design approach’ with which to create resilient ecosystems, societies and cultures that support people to meet their basic needs and that work with nature.” (p. 1460)
5. The Key Combination
- CE focuses on the environment and economics;
- DE focuses on the society and the environment;
- Permaculture focuses on the society and the environment.
7. Holistic Model for Future Generations
- How can social dimensions from sustainable development concepts be integrated into the CE to create a holistic model that covers the three pillars of sustainability?
- How can an effective social and environmental dimension be built into a future economic framework?
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|Circular Economy 1||Doughnut Economy 2||Permaculture 3|
|Observe And Interact|
|Catch And Store Energy|
|Be Regenerative||Obtain A Yield|
|Apply Self-Regulation And Accept Feedback|
|Rely On Energy From Renewable Sources||Use And Value Renewable Resources And Services|
|Design Out Waste||Produce No Waste|
|Waste Is Food|
|Think In ‘Systems’||Think In Systems||Design From Patterns To Details|
|See The Big Picture|
|Be Distributive||Integrate Rather Than Segregate|
|Aim To Thrive Rather Than To Grow||Use Small And Slow Solutions|
|Build Resilience Through Diversity||Nurture Human Nature||Use And Value Diversity|
|Embrace The 21st Century Goal||Use The Edges And Value The Margin|
|Creatively Use And Respond To Change|
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Everett, E. Combining the Circular Economy, Doughnut Economy, and Permaculture to Create a Holistic Economic Model for Future Generations. Environ. Sci. Proc. 2022, 15, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2022015019
Everett E. Combining the Circular Economy, Doughnut Economy, and Permaculture to Create a Holistic Economic Model for Future Generations. Environmental Sciences Proceedings. 2022; 15(1):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2022015019Chicago/Turabian Style
Everett, Eller. 2022. "Combining the Circular Economy, Doughnut Economy, and Permaculture to Create a Holistic Economic Model for Future Generations" Environmental Sciences Proceedings 15, no. 1: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/environsciproc2022015019