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Diabetes Mellitus: Insights from Epidemiology, Biochemistry, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Complications and Comprehensive Management

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka 1000, Bangladesh
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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Tejgaon College, National University of Bangladesh, Gazipur 1704, Bangladesh
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Department of Public Health, School of Health and Life Sciences, North South University, Bashundhara, Dhaka 1229, Bangladesh
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Department of Biological Sciences, St John’s University, Queens, NY 11439, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Peter Clifton
Diabetology 2021, 2(2), 36-50; https://doi.org/10.3390/diabetology2020004
Received: 29 November 2020 / Revised: 13 March 2021 / Accepted: 23 March 2021 / Published: 16 April 2021
Diabetes mellitus has become a serious and chronic metabolic disorder that results from a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, principally characterized by hyperglycemia, polyuria, and polyphagia. Uncontrolled high blood sugar can result in a host of diabetic complications. Prolonged diabetes leads to serious complications some of which are life-threatening. The prevalence of diabetes patients is rising at epidemic proportions throughout the world. Every year, a major portion of the annual health budget is spent on diabetes and related illnesses. Multiple risk factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis of the disease and turning the disease into an epidemic. Diabetes, for which there is no cure, apparently can be kept under control by maintaining self-care in daily living, effective diabetes education, with comprehensive improvements in knowledge, attitudes, skills, and management. In this review, we focused on the biochemical aspects of diabetes, risk factors including both environmental and genetic, disease complications, diagnosis, management, and currently available medications for the treatment of diabetes. View Full-Text
Keywords: diabetes mellitus; epidemiology; biochemistry; metabolic disorder; risk factors; diagnosis; complications; management of diabetes diabetes mellitus; epidemiology; biochemistry; metabolic disorder; risk factors; diagnosis; complications; management of diabetes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, S.; Hasan, M.K.; Neaz, S.; Hussain, N.; Hossain, M.F.; Rahman, T. Diabetes Mellitus: Insights from Epidemiology, Biochemistry, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Complications and Comprehensive Management. Diabetology 2021, 2, 36-50. https://doi.org/10.3390/diabetology2020004

AMA Style

Alam S, Hasan MK, Neaz S, Hussain N, Hossain MF, Rahman T. Diabetes Mellitus: Insights from Epidemiology, Biochemistry, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Complications and Comprehensive Management. Diabetology. 2021; 2(2):36-50. https://doi.org/10.3390/diabetology2020004

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alam, Saruar, Md. K. Hasan, Sharif Neaz, Nazmul Hussain, Md. F. Hossain, and Tania Rahman. 2021. "Diabetes Mellitus: Insights from Epidemiology, Biochemistry, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Complications and Comprehensive Management" Diabetology 2, no. 2: 36-50. https://doi.org/10.3390/diabetology2020004

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