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Early Lessons of COVID-19 for Governance of the North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea

1
Faculty of Social Science, Business and Economics, Åbo Akademi University, Tuomiokirkontori 3, 20500 Turku, Finland
2
School of Engineering Practice and Technology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St W, Hamilton, ON L8S 4L8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
World 2020, 1(3), 318-329; https://doi.org/10.3390/world1030022
Received: 24 November 2020 / Revised: 14 December 2020 / Accepted: 16 December 2020 / Published: 18 December 2020
The commitment to advance the protection of the North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea continues during the COVID-19 pandemic. The resilience of the research community was displayed as policy decisions were made for the first virtual conferences this year to share scientific findings and expertise in both regions. As this pandemic continues to challenge the world, countries have responded to the threat and continue to deal with the uncertainties of this wicked transboundary problem in many different ways. This article discusses key governance and policy issues that have been revealed thus far that can inform the governance of the transboundary North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea. Key lessons from the pandemic include waiting for total scientific certainty to act can lead to fatal consequences and our symbiotic connection with nature. Further insights from the pandemic include the importance of context, science-based leadership, institutional accountability, and acknowledging that nature knows no borders. View Full-Text
Keywords: governance; COVID-19; North American Great Lakes; Baltic Sea; science; policy; precautionary principle governance; COVID-19; North American Great Lakes; Baltic Sea; science; policy; precautionary principle
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jetoo, S.; Krantzberg, G. Early Lessons of COVID-19 for Governance of the North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea. World 2020, 1, 318-329. https://doi.org/10.3390/world1030022

AMA Style

Jetoo S, Krantzberg G. Early Lessons of COVID-19 for Governance of the North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea. World. 2020; 1(3):318-329. https://doi.org/10.3390/world1030022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jetoo, Savitri, and Gail Krantzberg. 2020. "Early Lessons of COVID-19 for Governance of the North American Great Lakes and the Baltic Sea" World 1, no. 3: 318-329. https://doi.org/10.3390/world1030022

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