Next Article in Journal
Octocoral Distribution Patterns at the Equatorial Front (Tropical Eastern Pacific): Muricea and Leptogorgia
Previous Article in Journal
Pathological Studies and Postmortem Computed Tomography of Dolphins with Meningoencephalomyelitis and Osteoarthritis Caused by Brucella ceti
Article

Reef Fish Assemblage in Two Insular Zones within the Mexican Central Pacific

1
Laboratorio de Ecología Marina, Centro Universitario de la Costa, Universidad de Guadalajara, Av. Universidad de Guadalajara No. 203, Puerto Vallarta 48280, Jalisco, Mexico
2
Laboratorio de Ecología Molecular, Microbiología y Taxonomía (LEMITAX), Departamento de Ecología, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias, Universidad de Guadalajara, Camino Ramón Padilla Sánchez No. 2100 Nextipac, Zapopan 45110, Jalisco, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Diego Macías
Oceans 2022, 3(2), 204-217; https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3020015
Received: 25 December 2021 / Revised: 4 May 2022 / Accepted: 17 May 2022 / Published: 23 May 2022
Reefs fishes are sensitive to environmental changes, particularly in areas such as the Mexican Central Pacific (MCP), which has a high environmental variability favored by currents. This study assesses the temporal variation in ecological indicators of fishes in Marietas (MI) and Isabel islands (II) in the MCP during 2010–2017. Overall, 118 species were recorded at MI and 95 in II. The highest abundance was recorded in 2013 at MI, and in 2015 at II, with an observed sample coverage > 0.79 for all years. MI showed higher annual taxonomic distinctness and richness than II. Annual biomass and assemblages were different between years and islands. The changes in both islands’ community structure were influenced by ENSO events. A high proportion of the dissimilarity among years is represented in 10 species, and the difference among years for each island is given by rare species. Annually, community indicators (Δ+, q = 1, and q = 2) and physicochemical factors were not related except for q = 0 and the chlorophyll concentration; this is due to the inter-annual variation within the area. The variation in fish communities on both islands results from mesoscale phenomena that have a different effect on each island due to the characteristics of their shelf and oceanography. View Full-Text
Keywords: reef fish diversity; ENSO; iNext; Mexican Central Pacific reef fish diversity; ENSO; iNext; Mexican Central Pacific
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Pérez de-Silva, C.V.; Cupul-Magaña, A.L.; Rodríguez-Troncoso, A.P.; Rodríguez-Zaragoza, F.A. Reef Fish Assemblage in Two Insular Zones within the Mexican Central Pacific. Oceans 2022, 3, 204-217. https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3020015

AMA Style

Pérez de-Silva CV, Cupul-Magaña AL, Rodríguez-Troncoso AP, Rodríguez-Zaragoza FA. Reef Fish Assemblage in Two Insular Zones within the Mexican Central Pacific. Oceans. 2022; 3(2):204-217. https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3020015

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pérez de-Silva, Carlos V., Amílcar L. Cupul-Magaña, Alma P. Rodríguez-Troncoso, and Fabián A. Rodríguez-Zaragoza. 2022. "Reef Fish Assemblage in Two Insular Zones within the Mexican Central Pacific" Oceans 3, no. 2: 204-217. https://doi.org/10.3390/oceans3020015

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop