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High-Throughput 2018, 7(4), 34;

SNPs and Somatic Mutation on Long Non-Coding RNA: New Frontier in the Cancer Studies?

LTTA, Department of Morphology, Surgery and Experimental Medicine, University of Ferrara, Via Fossato di Mortara 70, 44123 Ferrara, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 September 2018 / Revised: 9 November 2018 / Accepted: 14 November 2018 / Published: 16 November 2018
PDF [704 KB, uploaded 23 November 2018]


In the last decade, it has been demonstrated that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in cancer development. The great majority of studies on lncRNAs report alterations, principally on their expression profiles, in several tumor types with respect to the normal tissues of origin. Conversely, since lncRNAs constitute a relatively novel class of RNAs compared to protein-coding transcripts (mRNAs), the landscape of their mutations and variations has not yet been extensively studied. However, in recent years an ever-increasing number of articles have described mutations of lncRNAs. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that occur within the lncRNA transcripts can affect the structure and function of these RNA molecules, while the presence of a SNP in the promoter region of a lncRNA could alter its expression level. Also, somatic mutations that occur within lncRNAs have been shown to exert important effects in cancer and preliminary data are promising. Overall, the evidence suggests that SNPs and somatic mutation on lncRNAs may play a role in the pathogenesis of cancer, and indicates strong potential for further development of lncRNAs as biomarkers. View Full-Text
Keywords: lncRNAs; SNPs; somatic mutation; cancer risk lncRNAs; SNPs; somatic mutation; cancer risk

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Minotti, L.; Agnoletto, C.; Baldassari, F.; Corrà, F.; Volinia, S. SNPs and Somatic Mutation on Long Non-Coding RNA: New Frontier in the Cancer Studies? High-Throughput 2018, 7, 34.

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