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Multiple SERS Detection of Phenol Derivatives in Tap Water

Nutrition and Bromatology Group, Department of Analytical and Food Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Vigo, Ourense Campus, E-32004 Ourense, Spain
Department of Physical Chemistry, Biomedic Research Center of Galicia (CINBIO), University of Vigo, Lagoas, Marcosende Campus, 36310 Vigo, Spain
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Presented at the 1st International Electronic Conference on Food Science and Functional Foods, 10–25 November 2020; Available online:
Proceedings 2021, 70(1), 88;
Published: 10 November 2020
Phenol and some of its derivatives are products of the petrochemical industry. These compounds are characterized by their exceptional ability to persist in media and reach both food and water used by human beings. The consumption of these compounds has harmful effects on health, producing both acute and chronic effects—among the most prominent damages are teratogenicity, mutagenicity and carcinogenicity. Compounds such as phenol, ortho-cresol, and 1-napthol are listed by agencies such as the EPA. The aim of this work was the development of a rapid method for the simultaneous detection of these compounds in water samples. The method was based on the colorimetric reaction between phenol derivatives and Gibbs reagent, which forms indophenolates; using increased surface Raman spectroscopy together with statistical methods, SERS spectra were acquired, which were then analyzed. The developed method allows one to at least equalize the detection limits of the colorimetric method through UV–VIS spectroscopy and to discriminate among the three mixed phenols in at least binary aqueous samples. The major advantage of the method is the possibility of discriminating between phenol spectra quickly and easily.
Keywords: SERS; phenol derivatives; Raman spectra; water samples; Gibbs reactive SERS; phenol derivatives; Raman spectra; water samples; Gibbs reactive
MDPI and ACS Style

Carreira-Casais, A.; Montes-García, V.; Pastoriza-Santos, I.; Prieto, M.Á.; Simal-Gandara, J.; Pérez-Juste, J. Multiple SERS Detection of Phenol Derivatives in Tap Water. Proceedings 2021, 70, 88.

AMA Style

Carreira-Casais A, Montes-García V, Pastoriza-Santos I, Prieto MÁ, Simal-Gandara J, Pérez-Juste J. Multiple SERS Detection of Phenol Derivatives in Tap Water. Proceedings. 2021; 70(1):88.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Carreira-Casais, Anxo, Verónica Montes-García, Isabel Pastoriza-Santos, Miguel Á. Prieto, Jesus Simal-Gandara, and Jorge Pérez-Juste. 2021. "Multiple SERS Detection of Phenol Derivatives in Tap Water" Proceedings 70, no. 1: 88.

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