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Taking the Perspective of the Third. A Contribution to the Origins of Systems Thinking
Open AccessProceedings

Blurring of the Human and the Artificial: A Conceptual Clarification

The Institute for a Global Sustainable Information Society (GSIS), 1220 Vienna, Austria
Conference Theoretical Information Studies (TIS), Berkeley, CA, USA, 2–6 June 2019.
Proceedings 2020, 47(1), 7; https://doi.org/10.3390/proceedings47010007
Published: 9 May 2020
(This article belongs to the Proceedings of IS4SI 2019 Summit)
Due to certain progress made in Artificial Intelligence (AI) and related fields, there is a common agreement that we are facing a blurring of the human and the artificial. This presentation will argue that this agreement is rather one that pertains to anthropomorphic notations when dealing with computers and computer-based devices, as opposed to one that is justified by engineering results. In fact, the language used to describe mechanic functions hides what ontologically occurs, and how the autonomy of humans can be endangered. The clarification intended here uses the philosophical distinction between agents and patients and translates it into the systems theoretical distinction between self-organising systems and non-self-organising entities.
Keywords: AI (Artificial Intelligence); ontology; self-organisation; Oswald Wiener; man–machine models; physical systems; living systems; social systems; reduction; projection; disjunction; integration; techno-social systems AI (Artificial Intelligence); ontology; self-organisation; Oswald Wiener; man–machine models; physical systems; living systems; social systems; reduction; projection; disjunction; integration; techno-social systems
MDPI and ACS Style

Hofkirchner, W. Blurring of the Human and the Artificial: A Conceptual Clarification. Proceedings 2020, 47, 7.

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