The Effect of Pre-Postnatal Nicotine Exposure on Types and Levels of Plasma Sialic Acids in Rats†
AbstractNicotine, is an alkaloid compound consisting of pyridine and pyrolidine ring. Its closed formula is C10H4N2. During smoking peak plasma concentration changes from 25 to 50 ng/mL. Its half-life is 1–2 h. Nicotine is metabolized primarily in the liver and excreted by the kidneys. The plasma concentration of the nicotine metabolite cotinine is 10 times more than nicotine and its half-life is longer around 15 to 20 h. Cotinine can be found in both amniotic fluid and umbilical cord blood given that it passes across the placental barrier. Adverse effects of nicotine and its metabolites on the fetus are suggested but have not been proven by scientific explanations till now. Sialic acid (Sia) is a modified nine-carbon sugar. They are located on the last end of the glycan chains located in the glycoconjugate structures. They organize a wide range of relationships between cells and their environment such as cellular recognition, adhesion, transmission, differentiation and aging. The aim of this study is to determine the possible changes in the sialic acid levels and types in the plasma after different levels of nicotine applied to Swiss Albino rats in order to assess the effect of long-term per oral nicotine administration.
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Mizrak, S.; Sahar, U.; Rashnonejad, A.; Deveci, R.; Ercan, G. The Effect of Pre-Postnatal Nicotine Exposure on Types and Levels of Plasma Sialic Acids in Rats. Proceedings 2018, 2, 1546.
Mizrak S, Sahar U, Rashnonejad A, Deveci R, Ercan G. The Effect of Pre-Postnatal Nicotine Exposure on Types and Levels of Plasma Sialic Acids in Rats. Proceedings. 2018; 2(25):1546.Chicago/Turabian Style
Mizrak, Soycan; Sahar, Umut; Rashnonejad, Afrooz; Deveci, Remziye; Ercan, Gulinnaz. 2018. "The Effect of Pre-Postnatal Nicotine Exposure on Types and Levels of Plasma Sialic Acids in Rats." Proceedings 2, no. 25: 1546.
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