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Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3(1), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/tropicalmed3010016

Community Awareness on Rabies Prevention and Control in Bicol, Philippines: Pre- and Post-Project Implementation

1
Bureau of Animal Industry-World Organisation for Animal Health Stop Transboundary Animal Diseases and Zoonoses Rabies Project, Visayas Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City 1100, Philippines
2
College of Veterinary Medicine, Central Bicol State University of Agriculture, Pili, Camarines Sur 4418, Philippines
3
Municipal Agriculture Office, Municipal Government of Daraga, Daraga, Albay 4501, Philippines
4
Department of Agriculture Regional Field Office V, Pili, Camarines Sur 4418, Philippines
5
World Organisation for Animal Health Sub Regional Representation for Southeast Asia, Phaya Thai Road, Ratchathewi, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
6
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UN-FAO), Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific (RAP), Phra Atit Road, Phra Nakorn, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
7
Animal Health and Welfare Division, Bureau of Animal Industry, Visayas Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City 1100, Philippines
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 19 December 2017 / Revised: 21 January 2018 / Accepted: 24 January 2018 / Published: 1 February 2018
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Abstract

Rabies is endemic in the Philippines. To support the rabies campaign in the Bicol region at the southeastern part of Luzon, the BAI-OIE Stop Transboundary Animal Diseases and Zoonoses (STANDZ) Rabies project was implemented in the pilot provinces of Camarines Norte, Camarines Sur, Albay, and Masbate. A community awareness survey was conducted with the residents of these provinces to determine their knowledge, attitude, and practices (KAP) on rabies during the start and end of the project. Qualitative, descriptive research was done with a structured KAP questionnaire. Pet owners in the pilot provinces were chosen as respondents. Results showed that respondents know that they can acquire rabies in animals through the bite of a rabid dog (pre-project implementation (PRI): 19.6%, post-project implementation (POI): 38.0%). Vaccination was the top rabies preventive measure (PRI: 61.8%, POI: 92.8%). Biting incidents were noted in some respondents, and observing the dog and killing it immediately were some of the actions taken by bite victims. If a supposed rabid dog was seen, respondents would either: immediately kill the dog (PRI: 20.3%, POI: 13.7%), report it to authorities (PRI: 26.3%, POI: 63.1%), and capture and observe the dog concerned (PRI: 13.5%, POI: 6.0%). Pet owners increased their KAP about rabies prevention and control as compared to the pre-implementation study. However, certain gaps in their KAP need to be given attention; thus continuous education of pet owners must be done. View Full-Text
Keywords: attitude; knowledge; practice; rabies; community attitude; knowledge; practice; rabies; community
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MDPI and ACS Style

Barroga, T.R.M.; Basitan, I.S.; Lobete, T.M.; Bernales, R.P.; Gordoncillo, M.J.N.; Lopez, E.L.; Abila, R.C. Community Awareness on Rabies Prevention and Control in Bicol, Philippines: Pre- and Post-Project Implementation. Trop. Med. Infect. Dis. 2018, 3, 16.

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