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Associations between Fluctuating Shame, Self-Esteem, and Sexual Desire: Comparing Frequent Porn Users and a General Population Sample

Department of Clinical Psychology, Open Universiteit, 6401 DL Heerlen, The Netherlands
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Academic Editor: George E. Barreto
Sexes 2022, 3(1), 1-19; https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3010001
Received: 12 November 2021 / Revised: 10 December 2021 / Accepted: 13 December 2021 / Published: 22 December 2021
In the present study, we explore the proposed cyclic models for problematic hypersexuality (PH) that involve shame, self-esteem, and sexual desire. These cyclic models are characterized by temporal associations but have not been investigated previously with intensive longitudinal designs. In this study, we collected up to 70 measurements per participant within a period of seven consecutive days, which allowed us to investigate associations between fluctuations of shame, self-esteem, and sexual desire. Participants were divided in four subgroups: (1) women (n = 87); (2) men (n = 46) from a general population convenience sample; (3) men watching porn >2 times per week, showing non-problematic hypersexuality (NH; n = 10); and (4) men watching porn >2 times per week, experiencing PH (n = 11). Multilevel analyses, including cross-level interactions, were used to investigate between-group differences in intraindividual processes. Results showed that prior increases in shame forecasted higher current sexual desire for men with PH, but not for the other groups, suggesting that men with PH use sexual desire to downregulate dysphoric feelings of shame. Differences between groups in associations between self-esteem and sexual desire were also found. Based on our results, we propose the Split Pleasure/Shame model, which represents emotion dysregulation in PH, and juxtapose this with the pleasurable experience of sex by non-PH groups. Further intensive longitudinal research is necessary to test this model and, more generally, to investigate the fluctuating nature of sexual desire. View Full-Text
Keywords: sexual desire; shame; self-esteem; split pleasure/shame model; problematic hypersexuality sexual desire; shame; self-esteem; split pleasure/shame model; problematic hypersexuality
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MDPI and ACS Style

van Tuijl, P.; Verboon, P.; van Lankveld, J.J.D.M. Associations between Fluctuating Shame, Self-Esteem, and Sexual Desire: Comparing Frequent Porn Users and a General Population Sample. Sexes 2022, 3, 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3010001

AMA Style

van Tuijl P, Verboon P, van Lankveld JJDM. Associations between Fluctuating Shame, Self-Esteem, and Sexual Desire: Comparing Frequent Porn Users and a General Population Sample. Sexes. 2022; 3(1):1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

van Tuijl, Piet, Peter Verboon, and Jacques J.D.M. van Lankveld. 2022. "Associations between Fluctuating Shame, Self-Esteem, and Sexual Desire: Comparing Frequent Porn Users and a General Population Sample" Sexes 3, no. 1: 1-19. https://doi.org/10.3390/sexes3010001

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