Authors, Reviewers and Nonfinancial Conflict of Interest: Can We Manage This Bond?
- Double-blinded peer review should be the undisputed basis of each scientific journal, even for small research fields. Single-blinded or unblinded peer review process could be potentially related to NCOI.
- Specific and explicit public disclosure of NCOI, besides financial COI, should be obligatory when handling or reviewing submitted articles.
- Authors can propose potential reviewers for their manuscript, provided the absence of manifest COI and NCOI. Tomography allows researchers to recommend three to five reviewers and these names are taken into consideration provided that potential reviewers hold no COI/NCOI with any of the authors, do not come from the same institution of the authors, do not have published together with the authors in the last three years, have a proven experience and publication record in the field of the submitted paper, and hold an official and recognized academic affiliation.
- Independent reviewers should be preferentially selected from other countries although this may possible, especially if the manuscript deals with a small research area. This could be the ideal solution and should be supported by most scientific journals, although country borders mau not represent a limitation to NCOI since authors tend to know each other anyway. However, the use of double-blinded peer review could act synergically with this item.
- It should be not allowed, as stated by most journal guidelines, to add additional co-authors after the first round of revision in order to avoid authors related to reviewers being added.
- Reviewers’ names should be published after manuscript acceptance so that they can be publicly known. This could represent a challenging task if reviewers know they cannot perform reviewing process anonymously, especially considering the crisis of the reviewing process . However, this item could guarantee the right recognition to those reviewers who produce high-quality revisions.
- The consequences of failing to disclose COI or NCOI providing an unethical review, based on conscious or unconscious bias, should put a reviewer on a blacklist such that a journal would likely decline to work with this reviewer. Unfortunately, since assessing a NOCI is very challenging, this might be very difficult to put into practice.
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Quaia, E. Authors, Reviewers and Nonfinancial Conflict of Interest: Can We Manage This Bond? Tomography 2023, 9, 436-438. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography9010035
Quaia E. Authors, Reviewers and Nonfinancial Conflict of Interest: Can We Manage This Bond? Tomography. 2023; 9(1):436-438. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography9010035Chicago/Turabian Style
Quaia, Emilio. 2023. "Authors, Reviewers and Nonfinancial Conflict of Interest: Can We Manage This Bond?" Tomography 9, no. 1: 436-438. https://doi.org/10.3390/tomography9010035