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Open AccessArticle

Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation for Degrading Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles Using Parameter Estimation with Recursive Least Squares

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
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Batteries 2020, 6(1), 1; https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries6010001
Received: 4 October 2019 / Revised: 9 December 2019 / Accepted: 17 December 2019 / Published: 20 December 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Battery Management Systems of Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicles)
With the increase in usage of electric vehicles (EVs), the demand for Lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries is also on the rise. The battery management system (BMS) plays an important role in ensuring the safe and reliable operation of the battery in EVs. Sensor faults in the BMS can have significant negative effects on the system, hence it is important to diagnose these faults in real-time. Existing sensor fault detection and isolation (FDI) methods have not considered battery degradation. Degradation can affect the long-term performance of the battery and cause false fault detection. This paper presents a model-based sensor FDI scheme for a Li-ion cell undergoing degradation. The proposed scheme uses the recursive least squares (RLS) method to estimate the equivalent circuit model (ECM) parameters in real time. The estimated ECM parameters are put through weighted moving average (WMA) filters, and then cumulative sum control charts (CUSUM) are implemented to detect any significant deviation between unfiltered and filtered data, which would indicate a fault. The current and voltage faults are isolated based on the responsiveness of the parameters when each fault occurs. The proposed FDI scheme is then validated through conducting a series of experiments and simulations. View Full-Text
Keywords: fault detection and isolation; sensor fault; battery model; battery management systems; battery degradation; electric vehicles; online parameter estimation; recursive least squares fault detection and isolation; sensor fault; battery model; battery management systems; battery degradation; electric vehicles; online parameter estimation; recursive least squares
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tran, M.-K.; Fowler, M. Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation for Degrading Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles Using Parameter Estimation with Recursive Least Squares. Batteries 2020, 6, 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries6010001

AMA Style

Tran M-K, Fowler M. Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation for Degrading Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles Using Parameter Estimation with Recursive Least Squares. Batteries. 2020; 6(1):1. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries6010001

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tran, Manh-Kien; Fowler, Michael. 2020. "Sensor Fault Detection and Isolation for Degrading Lithium-Ion Batteries in Electric Vehicles Using Parameter Estimation with Recursive Least Squares" Batteries 6, no. 1: 1. https://doi.org/10.3390/batteries6010001

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