Next Article in Journal
Exploring the Concept of ‘Positive Ageing’ in the UK Workplace—A Literature Review
Previous Article in Journal
Investigating the Enduring Impact of a Community-Based Health Education Program to Promote African American Elders’ Use of Technology Designed to Support Chronic Disease Self-Management
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview

Falls in Geriatric Populations and Hydrotherapy as an Intervention: A Brief Review

Neuromechanics Laboratory, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Geriatrics 2018, 3(4), 71;
Received: 12 September 2018 / Revised: 8 October 2018 / Accepted: 16 October 2018 / Published: 18 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Geriatric Rehabilitation)
PDF [1192 KB, uploaded 18 October 2018]


Falls and fall-related injuries are a serious health concern in geriatric populations, especially with age-related deficits in postural control and during postural control challenging dual-task situations. Balance training has been reported to be beneficial in reducing falls. However, some of these exercises have their inherent physical challenges that prevent the elderly population from performing them effectively. Other concomitant age-related illness in the elderly pose further challenges in performing these exercises. Hence, the topic of finding alternative types of balance training that are effective and are performed in a safer environment is constantly researched. One such alternative is hydrotherapy that focuses on balance and postural perturbation-based exercises in water-based environments such as aquatic swimming pools or in dedicated hydrotherapy pools. Hydrotherapy for geriatric populations has been reported to be beneficial in improving balance, motor and cognitive tasks with improved motivation and positive attitude towards exercises. Additionally, hydrotherapy also has properties of buoyancy, resistance and temperature, which benefit biomechanical and physiological wellness and offers a safe environment to perform balance training. Hydrotherapy balance training need to be scaled and prescribed according to individual needs and can serve as an effective training and rehabilitation protocol in reducing falls in geriatric population. View Full-Text
Keywords: geriatric falls; hydrotherapy; aging; postural control; balance training geriatric falls; hydrotherapy; aging; postural control; balance training

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Turner, A.J.; Chander, H.; Knight, A.C. Falls in Geriatric Populations and Hydrotherapy as an Intervention: A Brief Review. Geriatrics 2018, 3, 71.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Geriatrics EISSN 2308-3417 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top