The NF-κB Activating Pathways in Multiple Myeloma
AbstractMultiple myeloma(MM), an incurable plasma cell cancer, represents the second most prevalent hematological malignancy. Deregulated activity of the nuclear factor kappaB (NF-κB) family of transcription factors has been implicated in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma. Tumor microenvironment-derived cytokines and cancer-associated genetic mutations signal through the canonical as well as the non-canonical arms to activate the NF-κB system in myeloma cells. In fact, frequent engagement of both the NF-κB pathways constitutes a distinguishing characteristic of myeloma. In turn, NF-κB signaling promotes proliferation, survival and drug-resistance of myeloma cells. In this review article, we catalog NF-κB activating genetic mutations and microenvironmental cues associated with multiple myeloma. We then describe how the individual canonical and non-canonical pathways transduce signals and contribute towards NF-κB -driven gene-expressions in healthy and malignant cells. Furthermore, we discuss signaling crosstalk between concomitantly triggered NF-κB pathways, and its plausible implication for anomalous NF-κB activation and NF-κB driven pro-survival gene-expressions in multiple myeloma. Finally, we propose that mechanistic understanding of NF-κB deregulations may provide for improved therapeutic and prognostic tools in multiple myeloma. View Full-Text
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Roy, P.; Sarkar, U.A.; Basak, S. The NF-κB Activating Pathways in Multiple Myeloma. Biomedicines 2018, 6, 59.
Roy P, Sarkar UA, Basak S. The NF-κB Activating Pathways in Multiple Myeloma. Biomedicines. 2018; 6(2):59.Chicago/Turabian Style
Roy, Payel; Sarkar, Uday A.; Basak, Soumen. 2018. "The NF-κB Activating Pathways in Multiple Myeloma." Biomedicines 6, no. 2: 59.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.