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Open AccessArticle

Structure and Validity of Questionnaire for Oral Frail Screening

1
Department of Translational Research, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, Yokohama 230-8501, Japan
2
Ebina Dental Association, Kanagawa 243-0421, Japan
3
Department of Oral Microbiology, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, Yokohama 230-8501, Japan
4
Department of Operative Dentistry, Tsurumi University School of Dental Medicine, Yokohama 230-8501, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2021, 9(1), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010045
Received: 17 December 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 3 January 2021 / Published: 5 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Solutions for Oral Healthcare)
Oral frailty is defined as the mild decline in oral function and located at the early and reversible stage of frailty. Therefore, early detection and early treatment of oral frailty is very useful. Simple and easy questionnaires, such as an oral frailty checklist, have been widely used for the screening and enlightenment of oral frailty of the Japanese people. We evaluate the structure and validity of the oral frailty checklist. The questionnaire of oral frailty was distributed for the citizens more than 50 years old from December 2018 to January 2019. The structural validity of the questionnaire is analyzed by structural equation modeling (SEM). The characteristics of the items are analyzed by Item Response Theory (IRT). The data of 725 subjects (360 men, 359 women, 6 no answer, mean age 71.3 ± 9.05) are analyzed. The questionnaire consisted of three latent variables. Items of “Brushing teeth at least twice a day”, “Regular attendance of dental clinic”, and “Using denture”, had low discrimination ability. The questionnaire used in this study is a useful tool for the screening of oral frailty. However, its scoring system needs to be improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: oral frailty; screening; validity; Item Response Theory oral frailty; screening; validity; Item Response Theory
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nomura, Y.; Ishii, Y.; Chiba, Y.; Suzuki, S.; Suzuki, A.; Suzuki, S.; Morita, K.; Tanabe, J.; Yamakawa, K.; Ishiwata, Y.; Ishikawa, M.; Sogabe, K.; Kakuta, E.; Okada, A.; Otsuka, R.; Hanada, N. Structure and Validity of Questionnaire for Oral Frail Screening. Healthcare 2021, 9, 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010045

AMA Style

Nomura Y, Ishii Y, Chiba Y, Suzuki S, Suzuki A, Suzuki S, Morita K, Tanabe J, Yamakawa K, Ishiwata Y, Ishikawa M, Sogabe K, Kakuta E, Okada A, Otsuka R, Hanada N. Structure and Validity of Questionnaire for Oral Frail Screening. Healthcare. 2021; 9(1):45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nomura, Yoshiaki; Ishii, Yoshimasa; Chiba, Yota; Suzuki, Shunsuke; Suzuki, Akira; Suzuki, Senichi; Morita, Kenji; Tanabe, Joji; Yamakawa, Koji; Ishiwata, Yasuo; Ishikawa, Meu; Sogabe, Kaoru; Kakuta, Erika; Okada, Ayako; Otsuka, Ryoko; Hanada, Nobuhiro. 2021. "Structure and Validity of Questionnaire for Oral Frail Screening" Healthcare 9, no. 1: 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare9010045

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