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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle

Perspectives of Healthcare Professionals on Meaningful Activities for Persons with Dementia in Transition from Home to a Nursing Home: An Explorative Study

1
WoonZorgcentra Haaglanden (Nursing Home Organization), the Hague, P.O. Box 9600, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
2
Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Leiden University Medical Center, 2300 RC Leiden, The Netherlands
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Healthcare 2019, 7(3), 98; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare7030098
Received: 8 August 2019 / Accepted: 14 August 2019 / Published: 19 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Creating Age-friendly Communities: Housing and Technology)
Meaningful activities can enhance quality of life, a sense of connectedness, and personhood for persons with dementia. Healthcare professionals play an important role in maintaining meaningful activities, but little is currently known about the impact of the transition from home to nursing home on these activities. This study explored the experiences of professionals in four Dutch nursing homes, identifying facilitators and barriers to the maintenance of meaningful activities during the transition. A qualitative explorative design was used. Data were collected using focus groups and analyzed using thematic analysis. Twenty-two professionals participated in four focus groups, and three themes were identified: (1) a lack of awareness and attention for meaningful activities; (2) activities should be personalized and factors such as person characteristics, interests, the social and physical environment, and specific information such as roles, routines, activities, and personal issues play an important role in maintaining activities; (3) in the organization of care, a person-centered care vision, attitudes of professionals and interdisciplinary collaboration facilitate maintenance of meaningful activities. Healthcare professionals felt that meaningful activities are difficult to maintain and that improvements are needed. Our study provides suggestions on how to maintain meaningful activities for persons with dementia prior, during and after the transition. View Full-Text
Keywords: meaningful activities; transition; dementia; nursing home meaningful activities; transition; dementia; nursing home
MDPI and ACS Style

Groenendaal, M.; Loor, A.; Trouw, M.; Achterberg, W.P.; Caljouw, M.A. Perspectives of Healthcare Professionals on Meaningful Activities for Persons with Dementia in Transition from Home to a Nursing Home: An Explorative Study. Healthcare 2019, 7, 98.

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