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Healthcare 2016, 4(3), 55;

Addressing Younger Workers’ Needs: The Promoting U through Safety and Health (PUSH) Trial Outcomes

Oregon Institute of Occupational Health Sciences, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
Health Promotion & Sports Medicine, Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, OR 97239, USA
Center for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente, Portland, OR 97227, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Peter A. Leggat and Derek R. Smith
Received: 31 May 2016 / Revised: 28 July 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 10 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Occupational Health Issues in the New Millennium)
Full-Text   |   PDF [888 KB, uploaded 21 September 2016]   |  


Most younger workers, less than 25 years old, receive no training in worker safety. We report the feasibility and outcomes of a randomized controlled trial of an electronically delivered safety and health curriculum for younger workers entitled, PUSH (Promoting U through Safety and Health). All younger workers (14–24 years old) hired for summer work at a large parks and recreation organization were invited to participate in an evaluation of an online training and randomized into an intervention or control condition. Baseline and end-of-summer online instruments assessed acceptability, knowledge, and self-reported attitudes and behaviors. One-hundred and forty participants (mean age 17.9 years) completed the study. The innovative training was feasible and acceptable to participants and the organization. Durable increases in safety and health knowledge were achieved by intervention workers (p < 0.001, effect size (Cohen’s d) 0.4). However, self-reported safety and health attitudes did not improve with this one-time training. These results indicate the potential utility of online training for younger workers and underscore the limitations of a single training interaction to change behaviors. Interventions may need to be delivered over a longer period of time and/or include environmental components to effectively alter behavior. View Full-Text
Keywords: young worker; eLearning; occupational; health protection; health promotion young worker; eLearning; occupational; health protection; health promotion

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Rohlman, D.S.; Parish, M.; Elliot, D.L.; Hanson, G.; Perrin, N. Addressing Younger Workers’ Needs: The Promoting U through Safety and Health (PUSH) Trial Outcomes. Healthcare 2016, 4, 55.

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