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Systematic Review

Relation between Burnout and Sleep Problems in Nurses: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

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Red Cross Nursing Center, University of Sevilla, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus Universitario de Ceuta, University of Granada, 51001 Ceuta, Spain
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Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
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Andalusian Health Service, San Cecilio Clinical University Hospital, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Department of Educational Psychology and Psychobiology, Faculty of Education, Universidad Internacional de La Rioja (UNIR), 26006 Logroño, Spain
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Brain, Mind and Behaviour Research Center (CIMCYC), University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Axel Steiger
Healthcare 2022, 10(5), 954; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050954
Received: 8 May 2022 / Revised: 17 May 2022 / Accepted: 19 May 2022 / Published: 21 May 2022
Burnout can affect nurses’ sleep quality. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between burnout syndrome and sleep problems in nurses. A systematic review with meta-analysis was performed. PubMed, CINAHL and Scopus databases were used. Some of the inclusion criteria were quantitative studies, in which the levels of burnout and sleep disorders were investigated in a sample of nurses using validated scales. A total of 12 studies were included. Sociodemographic variables did not influence the relation between burnout and sleep problems, except for being female. The environment and workplace violence, together with psychological traits and shifts, affect the probability of developing burnout and insomnia. The meta-analysis sample was n = 1127 nurses. The effect size of the correlation between burnout and sleep disorders was r = 0.39 (95% CI 0.29–0.48) with p < 0.001, indicating that the higher the level of burnout in nurses, the greater the presence of sleep disorders. The positive correlation between burnout and sleep disorders is a problem that must be addressed to improve the health of nurses. Developing turnicity strategies, using warmer lights in hospital units during night shifts and eliminating the fixed night shift could improve nurses’ working conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: burnout syndrome; meta-analysis; nursing; prevalence; systematic review; sleep disorders burnout syndrome; meta-analysis; nursing; prevalence; systematic review; sleep disorders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Membrive-Jiménez, M.J.; Gómez-Urquiza, J.L.; Suleiman-Martos, N.; Velando-Soriano, A.; Ariza, T.; De la Fuente-Solana, E.I.; Cañadas-De la Fuente, G.A. Relation between Burnout and Sleep Problems in Nurses: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Healthcare 2022, 10, 954. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050954

AMA Style

Membrive-Jiménez MJ, Gómez-Urquiza JL, Suleiman-Martos N, Velando-Soriano A, Ariza T, De la Fuente-Solana EI, Cañadas-De la Fuente GA. Relation between Burnout and Sleep Problems in Nurses: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Healthcare. 2022; 10(5):954. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050954

Chicago/Turabian Style

Membrive-Jiménez, María José, José Luis Gómez-Urquiza, Nora Suleiman-Martos, Almudena Velando-Soriano, Tania Ariza, Emilia Inmaculada De la Fuente-Solana, and Guillermo A. Cañadas-De la Fuente. 2022. "Relation between Burnout and Sleep Problems in Nurses: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis" Healthcare 10, no. 5: 954. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050954

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