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The Daily Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Work Engagement of Nurses: A ‘Shortitudinal’ Diary Study

WorkWell Research Unit, Faculty of Economic and Management Sciences, North-West University, Potchefstroom 2531, South Africa
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Academic Editor: Susan Ka Yee Chow
Healthcare 2022, 10(5), 863; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050863
Received: 8 April 2022 / Revised: 26 April 2022 / Accepted: 3 May 2022 / Published: 6 May 2022
Nurses’ satisfaction and work engagement have been linked to patient outcomes. Nightshift nurses provide healthcare to the population and experience unique challenges in performing their healthcare tasks. Therefore, the current study aimed to investigate the daily basic needs satisfaction and work engagement of nightshift nurses in accordance with the satisfaction of three basic psychological needs as indicated by the Self-Determination Theory. A quantitative, ‘shortitudinal’ design (diary study; over a few days) with a multi-level research approach using a daily diary survey method was completed by a convenience sample of nurses working the nightshift in a public hospital (n = 33). The results revealed that the daily need for autonomy and need for relatedness did not significantly predict variance in daily work engagement. However, need for competence did significantly predict variance in daily work engagement, and general emotional load explained significant variability in daily need satisfaction of competence. Lastly, general role clarity had a negative impact on the daily variability in work engagement. This study provides healthcare organisations with explanations for variance in nursing performance and suggests possible interventions to address nursing outcomes in accordance with the three basic needs of nightshift nurses in daily activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: need satisfaction; nursing; public healthcare; work engagement; self-determination theory; basic need satisfaction; psychological need satisfaction need satisfaction; nursing; public healthcare; work engagement; self-determination theory; basic need satisfaction; psychological need satisfaction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liebenberg, J.-M.; Scholtz, S.E.; De Beer, L.T. The Daily Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Work Engagement of Nurses: A ‘Shortitudinal’ Diary Study. Healthcare 2022, 10, 863. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050863

AMA Style

Liebenberg J-M, Scholtz SE, De Beer LT. The Daily Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Work Engagement of Nurses: A ‘Shortitudinal’ Diary Study. Healthcare. 2022; 10(5):863. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050863

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liebenberg, Jo-Mari, Salomé E. Scholtz, and Leon T. De Beer. 2022. "The Daily Basic Psychological Need Satisfaction and Work Engagement of Nurses: A ‘Shortitudinal’ Diary Study" Healthcare 10, no. 5: 863. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10050863

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