Next Article in Journal
The Clinical Effects of Type 2 Diabetes Patient Management Using Digital Healthcare Technology: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Protocols of Anesthesia Management in Parturients with SARS-CoV-2 Infection
Article

Information Usage and Compliance with Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study with Data from the JACSIS 2020/JASTIS 2021

1
Division for Regional Community Development, Liaison Center for Innovative Dentistry, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
2
Department of International and Community Oral Health, Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry, Sendai 980-8575, Japan
3
Department of Health Policy Science, Graduate School of Medical Science, Yamagata University, Yamagata 990-9585, Japan
4
Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka 541-8567, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Rajiv Kishore
Healthcare 2022, 10(3), 521; https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030521
Received: 26 January 2022 / Revised: 9 March 2022 / Accepted: 11 March 2022 / Published: 13 March 2022
The influence of different types of information sources on individual preventive behaviors remains unclear. We aimed to investigate the associations between individual information usage to obtain information about COVID-19 and compliance with preventive behaviors. This longitudinal study was based on an Internet survey conducted in August–September 2020 and February 2021. We used compliance with four preventive behaviors for COVID-19, “wearing a mask”, “ventilation”, “social distancing”, and “avoiding crowds” as outcome variables, and 20 types of information sources based on people or institutions (Medical worker, Government, etc.) and media (TV news, Twitter, etc.) as predictors. Absolute differences and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using generalized estimating equations adjusted for possible confounders. Among the 18,151 participants aged 20–79, the mean age was 51.7 (SD = 15.9) in 2020, and 51.3% were male. In total, compliance with “wearing a mask”, “ventilation”, “social distancing”, and “avoiding crowds” was seen in 86.2%, 46.9%, 45.4%, and 62.6% of individuals in 2020, and 89.3%, 38.2%, 47.2%, and 61.6% of individuals in 2021, respectively. In the multivariate analysis, “medical workers”, “professionals”, “the government”, “Twitter”, “news websites”, and “TV news” were positively associated with compliance with two or more preventive behaviors (p < 0.05). The type of information source may play an important role in providing information for COVID-19 prevention. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; preventive behavior; media; longitudinal COVID-19; preventive behavior; media; longitudinal
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kusama, T.; Kiuchi, S.; Takeuchi, K.; Ikeda, T.; Nakazawa, N.; Kinugawa, A.; Osaka, K.; Tabuchi, T. Information Usage and Compliance with Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study with Data from the JACSIS 2020/JASTIS 2021. Healthcare 2022, 10, 521. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030521

AMA Style

Kusama T, Kiuchi S, Takeuchi K, Ikeda T, Nakazawa N, Kinugawa A, Osaka K, Tabuchi T. Information Usage and Compliance with Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study with Data from the JACSIS 2020/JASTIS 2021. Healthcare. 2022; 10(3):521. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030521

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kusama, Taro, Sakura Kiuchi, Kenji Takeuchi, Takaaki Ikeda, Noriko Nakazawa, Anna Kinugawa, Ken Osaka, and Takahiro Tabuchi. 2022. "Information Usage and Compliance with Preventive Behaviors for COVID-19: A Longitudinal Study with Data from the JACSIS 2020/JASTIS 2021" Healthcare 10, no. 3: 521. https://doi.org/10.3390/healthcare10030521

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop