Next Article in Journal
Effect of Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. Leaves on Gentamicin-Induced Nephrotoxicity in Rats
Previous Article in Journal
Design of Experiment (DOE) Utilization to Develop a Simple and Robust Reversed-Phase HPLC Technique for Related Substances’ Estimation of Omeprazole Formulations
Article Menu

Article Versions

Export Article

Scientia Pharmaceutica is published by MDPI from Volume 84 Issue 3 (2015). Articles in this Issue were published by another publisher in Open Access under a CC-BY (or CC-BY-NC-ND) licence. Articles are hosted by MDPI on as a courtesy and upon agreement with Austrian Pharmaceutical Society (Österreichische Pharmazeutische Gesellschaft, ÖPhG).
Open AccessArticle
Sci. Pharm. 2013, 81(4), 1057-1070; (registering DOI)

Ant Plant (Myrmecodia tuberosa) Hypocotyl Extract Modulates TCD4+ and TCD8+ Cell Profile of Doxorubicin-Induced Immune-Suppressed Sprague Dawley Rats In Vivo

Faculty of Pharmacy, Gadjah Mada University, Sekip Utara, 55281, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
Faculty of Pharmacy, Sumatera Utara University, Tri Dharma, 20155, Medan, Indonesia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 February 2013 / Accepted: 21 June 2013 / Published: 21 June 2013
PDF [230 KB, uploaded 29 September 2016]


Myrmecodia tuberosa Jack (Rubiaceae) has been used as part of traditional Indonesian remedies for a wide range of therapeutic usages in West Papua. Our preliminary study revealed the significant potency of these plant extracts and fractions as an immunomodulator by an in vitro technique on Balb/c mice. This study explored the effect of M. tuberosa hypocotyl ethanol extract on the TCD4+ and TCD8+ cell profiles of doxorubicin (Dox)-induced immune-suppressed Sprague Dawley (SD) rats by an in vivo method. Dried powder of M. tuberosa hypocotyl was macerated in 95% ethanol. Following solvent evaporation in a vacuum, the ethanol extract (EE) was partitioned to yield an n-hexane fraction (FH) and residue (FNH). FNH was further partitioned to yield ethyl acetate (FEtOAc) and water fractions (FW). The extract and fractions in the concentrations 10, 20, 50, and 100 μg/mL were tested on macrophage cells by the latex bead method, while the proliferation of lymphocyte cells was evaluated by the MTT assay. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents of those fractions were evaluated. The active fraction was administrated orally on Dox-induced SD rats for 28 days by an in vivo method to observe the TCD4+ and TCD8+ cell profiles. The in vivo assay showed that the FNH could maintain the number of TCD4+ cells, but not the number of TCD8+ cells. The ED50 observed was 24.24 mg/kg BW. Steroid/terpenoid compounds were detected in this fraction along with the phenolics and flavonoids. The FNH contained 3.548 ± 0.058% GAE of total phenolics and 0.656 ± 0.026% QE of total flavonoids. M. tuberosa hypocotyl extract is a potent immunomodulatory agent and may act as co-chemotherapy in Dox use.
Keywords: Ant plant; Myrmecodia tuberosa hypocotyl; Doxorubicin; TCD4+; TCD8+ Ant plant; Myrmecodia tuberosa hypocotyl; Doxorubicin; TCD4+; TCD8+
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

SUMARDI; HERTIANI, T.; SASMITO, E. Ant Plant (Myrmecodia tuberosa) Hypocotyl Extract Modulates TCD4+ and TCD8+ Cell Profile of Doxorubicin-Induced Immune-Suppressed Sprague Dawley Rats In Vivo. Sci. Pharm. 2013, 81, 1057-1070.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Sci. Pharm. EISSN 2218-0532 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top