A Systems Thinking Approach to Designing Clinical Models and Healthcare Services
AbstractChronic diseases are on the rise, increasing in number and treatment regimen complexity. Consequently, the needs of patients with chronic diseases are increasing and becoming more complex and multi-faceted. Such chronic conditions require addressing not only the physical body, but also psychosocial and spiritual health. The healthcare delivery system, however, organically organized into departments based on physical organ systems. Such a configuration makes it ill-suited to provide comprehensive multi-faceted healthcare services that span multiple departments and specialties (e.g., podiatry and endocrinology for diabetes; primary care and psychiatry for behavioral health; and palliative care physicians, chaplains, and social workers for end-of-life care). To deliver new services, the medical field typically designs new clinical models to base its new services on. Several challenges arise from typical approaches to designing healthcare services and clinical models, including addressing only single conditions, describing models only at a high-level of abstraction, and using primarily narrative documents called text-based toolkits for implementation. This paper presents and uses systems thinking as an alternative strategy to designing clinical system models and healthcare services to alleviate many of the current design challenges in designing integrated services for chronic conditions. An illustrative example taking a clinical model and describing it as a system model is presented. View Full-Text
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Khayal, I.S. A Systems Thinking Approach to Designing Clinical Models and Healthcare Services. Systems 2019, 7, 18.
Khayal IS. A Systems Thinking Approach to Designing Clinical Models and Healthcare Services. Systems. 2019; 7(1):18.Chicago/Turabian Style
Khayal, Inas S. 2019. "A Systems Thinking Approach to Designing Clinical Models and Healthcare Services." Systems 7, no. 1: 18.
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