The NonSystemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: QuasiSystems and QuasiSystemics
Abstract
:1. Introduction
2. First and Second Systemics
2.1. Examples of Words and Concepts of Bertalanffy’s Systemics






















2.2. Examples of Words and Concepts of PostBertalanffy Systemics










 










3. NonSystemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism
3.1. Systems and NonSystems
 (a)
 A methodological approach named Logical Openness when a zipped, complete, and explicit model of the system and its interaction with the environment is conceptually not possible ([3], pp. 47–51), [28] because of the theoretical incompleteness [29], varieties of interactions, and structures involved. For clarity, we specify that a model is considered as logical closed when a formal description of the relationships between all state variables is available in the model’s equations and a complete and explicit description of systemenvironment interactions is possible and available. This is not the case, for instance, when dealing with collective behaviours ecosystems and processes of learning;
 (b)
 (c)
 The concept of quasisystems mentioned in Section 3. In short, a quasisystem is a system that possesses properties in partial, nonregularly changing ways; having partial or temporal inhomogeneities in its system status; and inhomogeneous possession or emergent acquisition of systemic properties, such as in the case of metastability, which is the ability of the system to maintain or switch between states in response to small fluctuations. In short, a system is not always a system and structurally not always the same system. The quasiness of complexity occurs when systemic aspects are predominant only and there is the need to methodologically deal with such aspects.
3.2. Cases and Examples
4. QuasiSystems and QuasiSystemics
5. Conclusions
Funding
Conflicts of Interest
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Minati, G. The NonSystemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: QuasiSystems and QuasiSystemics. Systems 2018, 6, 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems6030028
Minati G. The NonSystemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: QuasiSystems and QuasiSystemics. Systems. 2018; 6(3):28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems6030028
Chicago/Turabian StyleMinati, Gianfranco. 2018. "The NonSystemic Usages of Systems as Reductionism: QuasiSystems and QuasiSystemics" Systems 6, no. 3: 28. https://doi.org/10.3390/systems6030028