Next Article in Journal
Visual Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems: Chaos, Fractals, Self-Similarity and the Limits of Prediction
Previous Article in Journal
Emergence at the Fundamental Systems Level: Existence Conditions for Iterative Specifications
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Systems 2016, 4(4), 36;

Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design

Department of Design, Production and Management, Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Norwegian Institute for Systems Engineering (NISE), University College of Southeast Norway, 3603 Kongsberg, Norway
Robotics and Mechatronics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ockie Bosch
Received: 8 September 2016 / Revised: 12 October 2016 / Accepted: 2 November 2016 / Published: 10 November 2016
Full-Text   |   PDF [306 KB, uploaded 10 November 2016]   |  


Systems engineering is, for a large part, a process description of how to bring new systems to existence. It is valuable as it directs the development effort. Tools exist that can be used in this process. System analysis investigates existing and/or desired situations. However, how to create a system that instantiates the desired situation depends significantly on human creativity and insight; the required human trait here is commonly called systems thinking. In literature, this trait is regularly used, but information on how to do systems thinking is scarce. Therefore, we have introduced earlier twelve thinking tracks that are concrete and help system designers to make an optimal fit between the system under design, the identified issue, the user, the environment and the rest of the world. The paper provides the scientific rationale for the thinking tracks based on literature. Secondly, the paper presents three cases of application, leading to the conclusion that the tracks are usable and effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: systems design; architecting; systems thinking; application systems design; architecting; systems thinking; application

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Bonnema, G.M.; Broenink, J.F. Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design. Systems 2016, 4, 36.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Systems EISSN 2079-8954 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top