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Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design

by 1,2,*,† and 3,†
Department of Design, Production and Management, Faculty of Engineering Technology, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Norwegian Institute for Systems Engineering (NISE), University College of Southeast Norway, 3603 Kongsberg, Norway
Robotics and Mechatronics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mathematics, and Computer Science, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Ockie Bosch
Systems 2016, 4(4), 36;
Received: 8 September 2016 / Revised: 12 October 2016 / Accepted: 2 November 2016 / Published: 10 November 2016
Systems engineering is, for a large part, a process description of how to bring new systems to existence. It is valuable as it directs the development effort. Tools exist that can be used in this process. System analysis investigates existing and/or desired situations. However, how to create a system that instantiates the desired situation depends significantly on human creativity and insight; the required human trait here is commonly called systems thinking. In literature, this trait is regularly used, but information on how to do systems thinking is scarce. Therefore, we have introduced earlier twelve thinking tracks that are concrete and help system designers to make an optimal fit between the system under design, the identified issue, the user, the environment and the rest of the world. The paper provides the scientific rationale for the thinking tracks based on literature. Secondly, the paper presents three cases of application, leading to the conclusion that the tracks are usable and effective. View Full-Text
Keywords: systems design; architecting; systems thinking; application systems design; architecting; systems thinking; application
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bonnema, G.M.; Broenink, J.F. Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design. Systems 2016, 4, 36.

AMA Style

Bonnema GM, Broenink JF. Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design. Systems. 2016; 4(4):36.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bonnema, Gerrit M., and Jan F. Broenink 2016. "Thinking Tracks for Multidisciplinary System Design" Systems 4, no. 4: 36.

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