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Systems 2014, 2(4), 541-565;

A Contextualised General Systems Theory

Information Systems School & Institute for Future Environments, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George Street, Brisbane 4000, Australia
Received: 1 August 2014 / Revised: 18 September 2014 / Accepted: 29 September 2014 / Published: 13 October 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Towards a Second Generation General System Theory)
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A system is something that can be separated from its surrounds, but this definition leaves much scope for refinement. Starting with the notion of measurement, we explore increasingly contextual system behaviour and identify three major forms of contextuality that might be exhibited by a system: (1) between components; (2) between system and experimental method; and (3) between a system and its environment. Quantum theory is shown to provide a highly useful formalism from which all three forms of contextuality can be analysed, offering numerous tests for contextual behaviour, as well as modelling possibilities for systems that do indeed display it. I conclude with the introduction of a contextualised general systems theory based on an extension of this formalism. View Full-Text
Keywords: context; complexity; quantum-like models; non-separability context; complexity; quantum-like models; non-separability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Kitto, K. A Contextualised General Systems Theory. Systems 2014, 2, 541-565.

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