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Are People-Centered Intelligences Psychometrically Distinct from Thing-Centered Intelligences? A Meta-Analysis

Department of Psychology, University of New Hampshire, McConnell Hall, 15 Academic Way, Durham, NH 03824, USA
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Received: 15 August 2020 / Revised: 3 September 2021 / Accepted: 9 September 2021 / Published: 30 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Socio-Emotional Ability Research)
The Cattell–Horn–Carroll (CHC) or three-stratum model of intelligence envisions human intelligence as a hierarchy. General intelligence (g) is situated at the top, under which are a group of broad intelligences such as verbal, visuospatial processing, and quantitative knowledge that pertain to more specific areas of reasoning. Some broad intelligences are people-centered, including personal, emotional, and social intelligences; others concern reasoning about things more generally, such as visuospatial and quantitative knowledge. In the present research, we conducted a meta-analysis of 87 studies, including 2322 effect sizes, to examine the average correlation between people-to-people intelligences relative to the average correlation between people-to-thing-centered intelligences (and similar comparisons). Results clearly support the psychometric distinction between people-centered and thing-centered mental abilities. Coupled with evidence for incremental predictions from people-centered intelligences, our findings provide a secure foundation for continued research focused on people-centered mental abilities. View Full-Text
Keywords: people-centered intelligences; broad intelligences; meta-analysis; socio-emotional abilities people-centered intelligences; broad intelligences; meta-analysis; socio-emotional abilities
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    Link: https://osf.io/c9s4u/
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bryan, V.M.; Mayer, J.D. Are People-Centered Intelligences Psychometrically Distinct from Thing-Centered Intelligences? A Meta-Analysis. J. Intell. 2021, 9, 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence9040048

AMA Style

Bryan VM, Mayer JD. Are People-Centered Intelligences Psychometrically Distinct from Thing-Centered Intelligences? A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Intelligence. 2021; 9(4):48. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence9040048

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bryan, Victoria M., and John D. Mayer. 2021. "Are People-Centered Intelligences Psychometrically Distinct from Thing-Centered Intelligences? A Meta-Analysis" Journal of Intelligence 9, no. 4: 48. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence9040048

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