Next Article in Journal / Special Issue
Individual Mental Abiities vs. the World’s Problems
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Creativity as a Stepping Stone toward a Brighter Future
Perspective

The Strengths of Wisdom Provide Unique Contributions to Improved Leadership, Sustainability, Inequality, Gross National Happiness, and Civic Discourse in the Face of Contemporary World Problems

1
Department of Psychology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
2
Lazaridis School of Business and Economics, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, ON N2L 3C7, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 20 March 2018 / Accepted: 29 March 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
We present evidence for the strengths of the intellectual virtues that philosophers and behavioral scientists characterize as key cognitive elements of wisdom. Wisdom has been of centuries-long interest for philosophical scholarship, but relative to intelligence largely neglected in public discourse on educational science, public policy, and societal well-being. Wise reasoning characteristics include intellectual humility, recognition of uncertainty, consideration of diverse viewpoints, and an attempt to integrate these viewpoints. Emerging scholarship on these features of wisdom suggest that they uniquely contribute to societal well-being, improve leadership, shed light on societal inequality, promote cooperation in Public Goods Games and reduce political polarization and intergroup-hostility. We review empirical evidence about macro-cultural, ecological, situational, and person-level processes facilitating and inhibiting wisdom in daily life. Based on this evidence, we speculate about ways to foster wisdom in education, organizations, and institutions. View Full-Text
Keywords: wisdom; reasoning; virtues; well-being; political polarization; culture; social class; egocentrism; leadership wisdom; reasoning; virtues; well-being; political polarization; culture; social class; egocentrism; leadership
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Grossmann, I.; Brienza, J.P. The Strengths of Wisdom Provide Unique Contributions to Improved Leadership, Sustainability, Inequality, Gross National Happiness, and Civic Discourse in the Face of Contemporary World Problems. J. Intell. 2018, 6, 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6020022

AMA Style

Grossmann I, Brienza JP. The Strengths of Wisdom Provide Unique Contributions to Improved Leadership, Sustainability, Inequality, Gross National Happiness, and Civic Discourse in the Face of Contemporary World Problems. Journal of Intelligence. 2018; 6(2):22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6020022

Chicago/Turabian Style

Grossmann, Igor, and Justin P. Brienza 2018. "The Strengths of Wisdom Provide Unique Contributions to Improved Leadership, Sustainability, Inequality, Gross National Happiness, and Civic Discourse in the Face of Contemporary World Problems" Journal of Intelligence 6, no. 2: 22. https://doi.org/10.3390/jintelligence6020022

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop