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Religions 2018, 9(9), 280;

Soft Islamophobia

Muslim Anti-Racism Collaborative (MuslimARC), PO Box 577, Southfield, MI 48037, USA
Received: 3 August 2018 / Revised: 7 September 2018 / Accepted: 12 September 2018 / Published: 15 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Anti Muslim Racism and the Media)
Full-Text   |   PDF [300 KB, uploaded 18 September 2018]


This article explores Islamophobia as a system of oppression by examining policies and practices found in liberal or left-leaning “anti-Islamophobia” spaces in the United States that limit the efficacy of the fight for justice. These include the reification of “Muslim” as a cultural category of brown foreigners, the lack of structural analysis around anti-Muslim hate, and the discomfort with and erasure of Islam as a faith in favor of “cultural” Muslims. The article then briefly proposes alternate ways forward that center the Muslims most affected by the intersections of race, class, gender, and religion in work against Islamophobia so that advocates can more effectively and directly address a system of Islamophobia. View Full-Text
Keywords: Muslims; Islam; Islamophobia; racism; narrative; social justice; culture; United States; advocacy; allyship Muslims; Islam; Islamophobia; racism; narrative; social justice; culture; United States; advocacy; allyship
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Islam, N. Soft Islamophobia. Religions 2018, 9, 280.

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