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Religions 2018, 9(12), 384; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9120384

Spirituality and Spiritual Care Competence among Expatriate Nurses Working in Saudi Arabia

Medical Surgical Department, College of Nursing, King Saud University, P.O. Box 145111, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Received: 29 September 2018 / Revised: 14 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 24 November 2018
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Abstract

Background: In Saudi Arabia, where the majority of the nursing workforce are foreigners, little is known about perceptions of spirituality and spiritual caregiving among foreign nurses who provide nursing care to patients with varied spiritual and religious beliefs. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the spirituality and spiritual care competence and its predictors among expatriate Christian nurses in Saudi Arabia, who provide care for Muslim patients. Methods: A convenience sample of 302 nurses was surveyed in this descriptive cross-sectional study using the Spirituality and Spiritual Care Rating Scale and the Spiritual Care Competence Scale. Results: Results revealed high values on three domains, namely, spiritual care, personal care, and existential spirituality. The majority of the respondents reported competence in all six subscales of spiritual care. The participants’ age, educational level, perception of existential spirituality, and personal care were found to be relevant predictors of their spiritual care competence. Conclusions: The findings suggest that existential spirituality and personal care dimensions of Christian nurses’ spirituality and spiritual care perceptions play critical roles in the provision of competent spiritual care to Muslim patients. View Full-Text
Keywords: Christians; Saudi Arabia; spirituality; spiritual care competence; spiritual nursing care Christians; Saudi Arabia; spirituality; spiritual care competence; spiritual nursing care
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Alshehry, A.S. Spirituality and Spiritual Care Competence among Expatriate Nurses Working in Saudi Arabia. Religions 2018, 9, 384.

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