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Gender and Race in Ministry Leadership: Experiences of Black Clergywomen

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Psychology Department, Houston Baptist University, Houston, TX 77074, USA
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Business Department, Ashford University, Denver, CO 80202, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Religions 2018, 9(12), 377; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9120377
Received: 5 October 2018 / Revised: 17 November 2018 / Accepted: 19 November 2018 / Published: 22 November 2018
Despite the increase of seminary training, Black clergywomen continuously undergo subjugation, degradation, and humiliation in ministry leadership due to gender and race bias by clergymen. This article reports the findings of a qualitative study that examined the experiences of Black clergywomen regarding obstacles in ministry leadership and how these clergywomen ascribed meaning to their experiences. The two primary research questions were, “What are the experiences of Black clergywomen regarding obstacles in ministry leadership?” and “How do Black clergywomen attribute meaning to their experiences regarding obstacles in ministry leadership?” The results of the study indicated that bias of gender exists among clergymen; however, the Black clergywomen learned to embrace the experiences and learned from them. The conclusion of this article includes a discussion regarding the practical implications of the education of clergymen and clergywomen, and the re-evaluation of the perception of Black clergywomen and their experiences. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the experiences of Black clergywomen pertaining to challenges in clergy leadership and to explore how Black clergywomen attributed meaning to their experiences regarding challenges in ministry leadership. View Full-Text
Keywords: leadership; women; women clergy; Black; religion and gender leadership; women; women clergy; Black; religion and gender
MDPI and ACS Style

Nelms Smarr, K.; Disbennett-Lee, R.; Cooper Hakim, A. Gender and Race in Ministry Leadership: Experiences of Black Clergywomen. Religions 2018, 9, 377.

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