Next Article in Journal
Ernst Bloch as a Non-Simultaneous Jewish Marxist
Previous Article in Journal
Religious Regulation and Churches’ Responses—A Case Study on the Anti-Demolition Actions of Christians in Wenzhou
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2018, 9(11), 345; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel9110345

Unifying Opposites through Metaphor: A Cognitive Approach to the Buddhist Metaphors for the Mind in the Awakening of Faith Discourse

Semiosis Research Center, 905 Main Building, Hankuk University of Foreign Studies, 107 Imunro-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02450, Korea
Received: 24 August 2018 / Revised: 21 October 2018 / Accepted: 3 November 2018 / Published: 5 November 2018
Full-Text   |   PDF [3440 KB, uploaded 14 November 2018]   |  

Abstract

While metaphors for the human mind have been intensively discussed across multiple disciplines, there remains a gap on how Buddhism deals with the mind metaphorically. This study explores how Mahāyāna Buddhist discourse resorts to embodied and discursive metaphors in describing and explaining the mind. Buddhist texts analyzed are the Treatise on the Awakening of Faith According to the Mahāyāna and its two commentaries by Wŏnhyo. The Awakening of Faith discourse abounds in metaphors for the sentient being’s mind in two aspects: the ordinary phenomenal mind and the transcendental essential mind. The focus of this study is on the relationship between the seemingly opposing two minds, and the ways in which these two opposites are unified metaphorically. To do so, I first examine how the essential mind, which is said to transcend ordinary experience and verbal expression, is made speakable through primary metaphors and NON-CONTAINER (unboundedness) image schema, and how the phenomenal mind is metaphorically understood according to the covarying scalar properties in primary metaphors. With respect to the argument for harmonizing the two minds, in which introducing more apt analogical metaphors is important, two representative discursive metaphors (a mirror metaphor and an ocean metaphor) are compared and discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Mahāyāna Buddhism; mind; Dasheng qixin lun; conceptual metaphor theory; primary metaphor; analogical metaphor Mahāyāna Buddhism; mind; Dasheng qixin lun; conceptual metaphor theory; primary metaphor; analogical metaphor
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kang, B. Unifying Opposites through Metaphor: A Cognitive Approach to the Buddhist Metaphors for the Mind in the Awakening of Faith Discourse. Religions 2018, 9, 345.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top