Next Article in Journal
Curse, Interrupted: Richard III, Jacob and Esau, and the Elizabethan Succession Crisis
Next Article in Special Issue
Tracing the Satipaṭṭhāna in the Korean Ganhwa Seon Tradition: Its Periscope Visibility in the Mindful hwadu Sisimma, ‘Sati-Sisimma
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Introducing Christian Spirituality to Joseon Korea—Three Responses from Confucian Scholars
Article Menu
Issue 11 (November) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2018, 9(11), 330;

Candlelight for Our Country’s Right Name: A Confucian Interpretation of South Korea’s Candlelight Revolution

Department of Public Policy, City University of Hong Kong, 83 Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Received: 10 September 2018 / Revised: 24 October 2018 / Accepted: 26 October 2018 / Published: 28 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role and Meaning of Religion for Korean Society)
Full-Text   |   PDF [273 KB, uploaded 31 October 2018]


The candlelight protest that took place in South Korea from October 2016 to March 2017 was a landmark political event, not least because it ultimately led to the impeachment of President Park Geun-hye. Arguably, its more historically important meaning lies in the fact that it marks the first nation-wide political struggle since the June Uprising of 1987, where civil society won an unequivocal victory over a regime that was found to be corrupt, unjust, and undemocratic, making it the most orderly, civil, and peaceful political revolution in modern Korean history. Despite a plethora of literature investigating the cause of what is now called “the Candlelight Revolution” and its implications for Korean democracy, less attention has been paid to the cultural motivation and moral discourse that galvanized Korean civil society. This paper captures the Korean civil society which resulted in the Candlelight Revolution in terms of Confucian democratic civil society, distinct from both liberal pluralist civil society and Confucian meritocratic civil society, and argues that Confucian democratic civil society can provide a useful conceptual tool by which to not only philosophically construct a vision of civil society that is culturally relevant and politically practicable but also to critically evaluate the politics of civil society in the East Asian context. View Full-Text
Keywords: Candlelight Revolution; civil society; Confucianism; impeachment; South Korea Candlelight Revolution; civil society; Confucianism; impeachment; South Korea
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, S. Candlelight for Our Country’s Right Name: A Confucian Interpretation of South Korea’s Candlelight Revolution. Religions 2018, 9, 330.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top