Next Article in Journal
An 18th Century Jesuit “Refutation of Metempsychosis” in Sanskrit
Previous Article in Journal
What Are the “Long Nostrils” of YHWH?
Article Menu
Issue 9 (September) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Religions 2017, 8(9), 193; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8090193

From Fitnah to Thaura: The Metamorphosis of the Arab-Muslim Protest Movements

1
Laboratory for Sociopolitical Risks Monitoring, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow 101000, Russia
2
School of Political Science, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow 101000, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 11 September 2017 / Accepted: 12 September 2017 / Published: 15 September 2017
Full-Text   |   PDF [187 KB, uploaded 15 September 2017]

Abstract

Since 2011, the Arab world has entered a period of political turbulence accompanied by widespread growth of protest activity. The events that were metaphorically called the “Arab Spring” referring to the “Spring of Nations” of 1848, affected virtually all countries of the Middle East and North Africa. In Libya, Syria, and Yemen, antigovernment demonstrations led to almost complete destruction of statehood raising the question of the existence of these political entities in their former borders. Egypt and Tunisia ended up with a change in the ruling regimes that repeated many times. The ruling elites of other Arab countries, having experienced the wrath of the Arab streets to varying degrees, managed to stay in power. The “Arab Spring” events should be more adequately viewed in the framework of “fitnah”, a form of protest traditional in the Arab-Muslim political culture. Indeed, since the emergence of Islam, fitnah was one of the most common forms of protest activity in the Middle East. However, in the last two centuries, it was replaced by “thaura” or the “revolution,” much more common in the European mentality. While the term "fitnah" has mainly negative connotations, “thaura” has been praised in every possible way and even became the basis for commemorative practices. This paper makes an attempt to compare these two forms of protest in the Muslim world. View Full-Text
Keywords: fitnah; Muslim law; Western philosophy; protests; revolution; right to revolt fitnah; Muslim law; Western philosophy; protests; revolution; right to revolt
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Shishkina, A.; Issaev, L. From Fitnah to Thaura: The Metamorphosis of the Arab-Muslim Protest Movements. Religions 2017, 8, 193.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Religions EISSN 2077-1444 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert Logo copyright Steve Bridenbaugh/UUA
Back to Top