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Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters

Department of Applied Mathematics to Information Technology and Communications, Polytechnical University of Madrid, Avenida Complutense no. 30, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Religions 2017, 8(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8020019
Received: 4 September 2016 / Accepted: 24 January 2017 / Published: 13 February 2017
The Flemish painters Quentin Massys and his son Jan Massys appear to be the authors of four works with a very similar motif, the bust of Jesus Christ. These canvasses can be found in different locations today: the Prado Museum in Madrid (Spain), the RKD Netherlands Institute for Art History of The Hague (Netherlands), the Kunstmuseum Winterthur (Switzerland), and another one in a private collection. Written on the edge of the robe around the neck, these canvasses display a series of Hebrew or pseudo-Hebrew letters. We offer the complete solution deciphered, until today incomplete, for three of them, with a very similar letter sequence. Finally, we resolve completely one of the canvasses, which, until today, had no known solution. View Full-Text
Keywords: religious art; Hebrew inscriptions; Renaissance; Quentin Massys; Jan Massys; deciphering; cryptography religious art; Hebrew inscriptions; Renaissance; Quentin Massys; Jan Massys; deciphering; cryptography
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vera, V.J.; Ávila, C.S. Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters. Religions 2017, 8, 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8020019

AMA Style

Vera VJ, Ávila CS. Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters. Religions. 2017; 8(2):19. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8020019

Chicago/Turabian Style

Vera, Vicente J., and Carmen S. Ávila 2017. "Four Versions of the Christus by the Massys: Deciphering the Meaning of the Letters" Religions 8, no. 2: 19. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel8020019

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