Next Article in Journal
The Intersectionality of Religion and Social Welfare: Historical Development of Richmond’s Nonprofit Health and Human Services
Next Article in Special Issue
An Exploration of Specialist Palliative Care Nurses’ Experiences of Providing Care to Hospice Inpatients from Minority Ethnic Groups—Implication for Religious and Spiritual Care
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Holistic Health Care and Spiritual Self-Presence
Open AccessFeature PaperReview

The Effect of Prayer on Patients’ Health: Systematic Literature Review

Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing—EERP-USP, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
School of Nursing, Centre for Interdisciplinary Research in Health, Institute of Health Sciences, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Palma de Cima, 1649-023 Lisboa, Portugal
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editors: Fiona Timmins and Wilf McSherry
Religions 2016, 7(1), 11;
Received: 1 December 2015 / Revised: 5 January 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2016 / Published: 21 January 2016
There is increasing interest regarding prayer in healthcare. Prayer is an activity related to spirituality and religion. Positive outcomes have been identified regarding spirituality in health. This study aims to investigate the effects on patients’ health of using prayer. A systematic literature review was conducted in May 2015 and updated in November 2015. Electronic and international databases were searched and the inclusion criteria were based on PICOS: (Population) patients of any age and any clinical situation, (Intervention) all types of prayer, (Comparison) ordinary care, (Outcomes) any health change, (Study type) randomized clinical trials. Neither timeframe nor limitation in language were considered. A total of 92 papers were identified and 12 were included in the review. Prayer was considered a positive factor in seven studies, and several positive effects of prayer on health were identified: reducing the anxiety of mothers of children with cancer; reducing the level of concern of the participants who believe in a solution to their problem; and providing for the improved physical functioning of patients who believe in prayer. Prayer is a non-pharmacological intervention and resource, and should be included in the nursing holistic care aimed at patients’ well-being. View Full-Text
Keywords: faith healing; religion; health; clinical trial; randomized controlled trial faith healing; religion; health; clinical trial; randomized controlled trial
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Simão, T.P.; Caldeira, S.; De Carvalho, E.C. The Effect of Prayer on Patients’ Health: Systematic Literature Review. Religions 2016, 7, 11.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

Back to TopTop